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  Water-soluble organic compounds in biomass burning aerosols over Amazonia: 2. Apportionment of the chemical composition and importance of the polyacidic fraction

Mayol-Bracero, O. L., Guyon, P., Graham, B., Roberts, G., Andreae, M. O., Decesari, S., et al. (2002). Water-soluble organic compounds in biomass burning aerosols over Amazonia: 2. Apportionment of the chemical composition and importance of the polyacidic fraction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(D20): 8091. doi:10.1029/2001JD000522.

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Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : J. Geophys. Res.


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Mayol-Bracero, O. L.1, Author           
Guyon, P.1, Author           
Graham, B.1, Author           
Roberts, G.1, Author           
Andreae, M. O.1, Author           
Decesari, S., Author
Facchini, M. C., Author
Fuzzi, S., Author
Artaxo, P., Author
1Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826286              


Free keywords: water soluble organic compounds; biomass burning; carbonaceous aerosols; chemical characterization; Amazonia
 Abstract: Chemical characterization was performed on carbonaceous aerosols from Rondonia in the Brazilian Amazon region as part of the European contribution to the Large-Scale Biosphere- Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA-EUSTACH). The sampling period (October 1999) included the peak of the burning season as well as the dry-to-wet season transition. Characterization of the carbonaceous material was performed by using a thermal combustion method. This enabled determination of aerosol total carbon (TC), black carbon (BC), and organic carbon (OC). A significant fraction of the BC material (on average about 50%) seemed to be highly refractory organic material soluble in water. A more detailed analysis of the water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) fraction of the TC was undertaken, involving measurements of WSOC content, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation (with UV detection) of the water-soluble components, and characterization of individual components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The WSOC fraction accounted for 45-75% of the OC. This high WSOC fraction suggests an aerosol derived mainly from smoldering combustion. Using GC/MS, many different compounds, containing hydroxy, carboxylate, and carbonyl groups, were detected. The fraction of the WSOC identified by GC/MS was about 10%. Three classes of compounds were separated by HPLC/UV: neutral compounds (N), monocarboxylic and dicarboxylic acids (MDA), and polycarboxylic acids (PA). The sum of these three groups accounted for about 70% of the WSOC, with MDA and PA being most abundant (about 50%). Good correlations (r(2) between 0.84 and 0.99) of BCwater (BC after water extraction) and levoglucosan (both indicators of biomass combustion) with the water-soluble species (i.e., WSOC, N, MDA, and PA), and their increase in concentrations during the burning period provided strong evidence that biomass burning is a major source of the WSOC. Particularly interesting is that PA and therefore, probably, humic-like substances (due to their polyacidic nature) are generated in significant amounts during biomass burning. These substances, due to their water solubility and surface tension- lowering effects, may play an important role in determining the overall cloud condensation nuclei activity of biomass burning aerosols and, consequently, could be important in cloud processes and climate forcing.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2002-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 18231
ISI: 000180466200116
DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000522
 Degree: -



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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research
  Alternative Title : J. Geophys. Res.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 107 (D20) Sequence Number: 8091 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0747-7309