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  Perception of conversations: The importance of semantics and intonation in children's development

Keitel, A., Prinz, W., Friederici, A. D., von Hofsten, C., & Daum, M. M. (2013). Perception of conversations: The importance of semantics and intonation in children's development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116(2), 264-277. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2013.06.005.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-4C28-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8608-D
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Keitel, Anne1, Author              
Prinz, Wolfgang2, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.3, Author              
von Hofsten, Claes4, Author
Daum, Moritz M.1, 5, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Infant Cognition and Action, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634562              
2Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              
3Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634551              
4Uppsala University, Sweden, ou_persistent22              
5University of Zurich, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Turn taking; Conversation; Children’s development; Intonation; Semantics; Perception
 Abstract: In conversations, adults readily detect and anticipate the end of a speaker’s turn. However, little is known about the development of this ability. We addressed two important aspects involved in the perception of conversational turn taking: semantic content and intonational form. The influence of semantics was investigated by testing prelinguistic and linguistic children. The influence of intonation was tested by presenting participants with videos of two dyadic conversations: one with normal intonation and one with flattened (removed) intonation. Children of four different age groups—two prelinguistic groups (6- and 12-month-olds) and two linguistic groups (24- and 36-month-olds)—and an adult group participated. Their eye movements were recorded, and the frequency of anticipated turns was analyzed. Our results show that (a) the anticipation of turns was reliable only in 3-year-olds and adults, with younger children shifting their gaze between speakers regardless of the turn taking, and (b) only 3-year-olds anticipated turns better if intonation was normal. These results indicate that children anticipate turns in conversations in a manner comparable (but not identical) to adults only after they have developed a sophisticated understanding of language. In contrast to adults, 3-year-olds rely more strongly on prosodic information during the perception of conversational turn taking.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-05-302013-01-312013-07-192013-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.06.005
PMID: 23876388
Other: Epub 2013
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
  Other : J Exp Child Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 116 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 264 - 277 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-0965
CoNE: /journals/resource/954922645034