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  Musical agency reduces perceived exertion during strenuous physical performance

Fritz, T., Hardikar, S., Demoucron, M., Niessen, M., Demey, M., Giot, O., et al. (2013). Musical agency reduces perceived exertion during strenuous physical performance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(44), 17784-17789. doi:10.1073/pnas.1217252110.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-4D97-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8437-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fritz, Tom1, 2, 3, Author              
Hardikar, Samyogita2, Author              
Demoucron, Matthias1, Author
Niessen, Margot4, Author
Demey, Michiel1, Author
Giot, Olivier1, Author
Li, Yongming4, Author
Haynes, John-Dylan5, Author              
Villringer, Arno2, Author              
Leman, Marc1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Belgium, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Institute of Movement and Training Science in Sports II, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Sport; Civilization; Emotional motor control; Jymmin'; Aesthetics
 Abstract: Music is known to be capable of reducing perceived exertion during strenuous physical activity. The current interpretation of this modulating effect of music is that music may be perceived as a diversion from unpleasant proprioceptive sensations that go along with exhaustion. Here we investigated the effects of music on perceived exertion during a physically strenuous task, varying musical agency, a task that relies on the experience of body proprioception, rather than simply diverting from it. For this we measured psychologically indicated exertion during physical workout with and without musical agency while simultaneously acquiring metabolic values with spirometry. Results showed that musical agency significantly decreased perceived exertion during workout, indicating that musical agency may actually facilitate physically strenuous activities. This indicates that the positive effect of music on perceived exertion cannot always be explained by an effect of diversion from proprioceptive feedback. Furthermore, this finding suggests that the down-modulating effect of musical agency on perceived exertion may be a previously unacknowledged driving force for the development of music in humans: making music makes strenuous physical activities less exhausting.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-10-032013-09-052013-10-142013-10-29
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1217252110
PMID: 24127588
PMC: PMC3816438
Other: Epub 2013
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Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Other : Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 110 (44) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 17784 - 17789 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925427230