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  Methylphenidate reduces functional connectivity of nucleus accumbens in brain reward circuit

Ramaekers, J. G., Evers, E. A., Theunissen, E. L., Kuypers, K. P., Goulas, A., & Stiers, P. (2013). Methylphenidate reduces functional connectivity of nucleus accumbens in brain reward circuit. Psychopharmacology, 229(2), 219-226. doi:10.1007/s00213-013-3105-x.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-67E7-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-876E-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Ramaekers, J. G.1, Author
Evers, E. A.1, Author
Theunissen, E. L.1, Author
Kuypers, K. P.1, Author
Goulas, Alexandros1, Author              
Stiers, Peter1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Functional connectivity; Neucleus accumbens; Dopamine
 Abstract: Release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is essential for acute drug reward. The present study was designed to trace the reinforcing effect of dopamine release by measuring the functional connectivity (FC) between the NAcc and brain regions involved in a limbic cortical–subcortical circuit during a dopaminergic challenge. Twenty healthy volunteers received single doses of methylphenidate (40 mg) and placebo on separate test days according to a double-blind, cross-over study design. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was measured between 1.5 and 2 h postdosing. FC between regions of interest (ROI) in the NAcc, the medial dorsal nucleus (MDN) of the thalamus and remote areas within the limbic circuit was explored. Methylphenidate significantly reduced FC between the NAcc and the basal ganglia (i.e., subthalamic nucleus and ventral pallidum (VP)), relative to placebo. Methylphenidate also decreased FC between the NAcc and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) as well as the temporal cortex. Methylphenidate did not affect FC between MDN and the limbic circuit. It is concluded that methylphenidate directly affects the limbic reward circuit. Drug-induced changes in FC of the NAcc may serve as a useful marker of drug activity in in the brain reward circuit.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-11-142013-03-272013-04-192013-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s00213-013-3105-x
PMID: 23604336
Other: Epub 2013
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Title: Psychopharmacology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 229 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 219 - 226 Identifier: ISSN: 0033-3158
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925436478