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  Octahedron configuration for a displacement noise-cancelling gravitational wave detector in space

Wang, Y., Keitel, D., Babak, S., Petiteau, A., Otto, M., Barke, S., et al. (2013). Octahedron configuration for a displacement noise-cancelling gravitational wave detector in space. Physical Review D, 88: 104021. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.88.104021.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-A940-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-C261-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Wang, Yang1, Author              
Keitel, David1, Author              
Babak, Stanislav2, Author              
Petiteau, Antoine2, Author              
Otto, Markus1, Author              
Barke, Simon1, Author              
Kawazoe, Fumiko1, Author              
Khalaidovski, Alexander1, Author              
Müller, Vitali, Author
Schütze, Daniel, Author
Wittel, Holger1, Author              
Danzmann, Karsten1, Author              
Schutz, Bernard F.2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              
2Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24013              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc, Astrophysics, Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics, astro-ph.IM
 Abstract: We study for the first time a three-dimensional octahedron constellation for a space-based gravitational wave detector, which we call the Octahedral Gravitational Observatory (OGO). With six spacecraft the constellation is able to remove laser frequency noise and acceleration disturbances from the gravitational wave signal without needing LISA-like drag-free control, thereby simplifying the payloads and placing less stringent demands on the thrusters. We generalize LISA's time-delay interferometry to displacement-noise free interferometry (DFI) by deriving a set of generators for those combinations of the data streams that cancel laser and acceleration noise. However, the three-dimensional configuration makes orbit selection complicated. So far, only a halo orbit near the Lagrangian point L1 has been found to be stable enough, and this allows only short arms up to 1400 km. We derive the sensitivity curve of OGO with this arm length, resulting in a peak sensitivity of about $2\times10^{-23}\,\mathrm{Hz}^{-1/2}$ near 100 Hz. We compare this version of OGO to the present generation of ground-based detectors and to some future detectors. We also investigate the scientific potentials of such a detector, which include observing gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences, the stochastic background and pulsars as well as the possibility to test alternative theories of gravity. We find a mediocre performance level for this short-arm-length detector, between those of initial and advanced ground-based detectors. Thus, actually building a space-based detector of this specific configuration does not seem very efficient. However, when alternative orbits that allow for longer detector arms can be found, a detector with much improved science output could be constructed using the octahedron configuration and DFI solutions demonstrated in this paper. (abridged)

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 Dates: 2013-06-172013-11-122013-11-042013
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 17 pages, 5 figures, revtex4-1, matches version accepted by PRD
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1306.3865
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.104021
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Title: Physical Review D
  Other : Phys. Rev. D.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lancaster, Pa. : Published for the American Physical Society by the American Institute of Physics
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 88 Sequence Number: 104021 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0556-2821
CoNE: /journals/resource/111088197762258