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  RNA structure analysis of human spliceosomes reveals a compact 3D arrangement of snRNAs at the catalytic core.

Anokhina, M., Bessonov, S., Miao, Z. C., Westhof, E., Hartmuth, K., & Lührmann, R. (2013). RNA structure analysis of human spliceosomes reveals a compact 3D arrangement of snRNAs at the catalytic core. EMBO Journal, 32(21), 2804-2818. doi:10.1038/emboj.2013.198.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-BB62-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-08BF-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Anokhina, M.1, Author              
Bessonov, S.1, Author              
Miao, Z. C., Author
Westhof, E., Author
Hartmuth, K.1, Author              
Lührmann, R.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Cellular Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578576              

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Free keywords: RNA modelling; RNA structure; spliceosome; U2–U6 duplex; 3-way junction
 Abstract: Although U snRNAs play essential roles in splicing, little is known about the 3D arrangement of U2, U6, and U5 snRNAs and the pre-mRNA in active spliceosomes. To elucidate their relative spatial organization and dynamic rearrangement, we examined the RNA structure of affinity-purified, human spliceosomes before and after catalytic step 1 by chemical RNA structure probing. We found a stable 3-way junction of the U2/U6 snRNA duplex in active spliceosomes that persists minimally through step 1. Moreover, the formation of alternating, mutually exclusive, U2 snRNA conformations, as observed in yeast, was not detected in different assembly stages of human spliceosomal complexes (that is, B, B act, or C complexes). Psoralen crosslinking revealed an interaction during/after step 1 between internal loop 1 of the U5 snRNA, and intron nucleotides immediately downstream of the branchpoint. Using the experimentally derived structural constraints, we generated a model of the RNA network of the step 1 spliceosome, based on the crystal structure of a group II intron through homology modelling. The model is topologically consistent with current genetic, biochemical, and structural data.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-09-032013-10-30
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2013.198
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Title: EMBO Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 32 (21) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2804 - 2818 Identifier: -