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  Causes of regional change—land cover

Gaillard, M.-J., Kleinen, T., Samuelsson, P., Nielsen, A. B., Bergh, J., Kaplan, J., et al. (2015). Causes of regional change—land cover. In The BACC II Author Team (Ed.), Second assessment of climate change for the Baltic Sea Basin (pp. 453-477). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_25.

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chp%3A10.1007%2F978-3-319-16006-1_25.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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 Creators:
Gaillard, Marie-José, Author
Kleinen, Thomas1, Author                 
Samuelsson, Patrick, Author
Nielsen, Anne Birgitte, Author
Bergh, Johan, Author
Kaplan, Jed, Author
Poska, Anneli, Author
Sandström, Camilla, Author
Strandberg, Gustav, Author
Trondman, Anna-Kari, Author
Wramneby, Anna, Author
Affiliations:
1Climate-Biogeosphere Interaction, The Land in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society, ou_913566              

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Free keywords: land use, land cover, Holocene, land cover-climate interactions, climate forcing, Baltic Sea catchment area, Europe, northern hemisphere
 Abstract: Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in winter and summer temperature. There is no indication that deforestation in the Baltic Sea area since AD 1850 would have been a major cause of the recent climate warming in the region through a positive biogeochemical feedback. Several model studies suggest that boreal reforestation might not be an effective climate warming mitigation tool as it might lead to increased warming through biogeophysical processes.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-12201520152015-04
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_25
 Degree: -

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Title: Second assessment of climate change for the Baltic Sea Basin
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
The BACC II Author Team, Editor              
Affiliations:
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Publ. Info: Berlin : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 453 - 477 Identifier: -