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  Musical feedback during exercise machine workout enhances mood

Fritz, T., Halfpaap, J., Grahl, S., Kirkland, A., & Villringer, A. (2013). Musical feedback during exercise machine workout enhances mood. Frontiers in Psychology, 4: 921. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00921.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-F477-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-84AF-3
Genre: Journal Article

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Fritz_MusicalFeedback.pdf (Publisher version), 445KB
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© 2013 Fritz, Halfpaap, Grahl, Kirkland and Villringer. This is an open- access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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 Creators:
Fritz, Tom1, 2, 3, Author              
Halfpaap, Johanna1, Author
Grahl, Sophia1, Author
Kirkland, Ambika1, Author
Villringer, Arno1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Belgium, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Music therapy; Exercise; Agency; Mood; Emotional motor control; Jymmin; Esthetics
 Abstract: Music making has a number of beneficial effects for motor tasks compared to passive music listening. Given that recent research suggests that high energy musical activities elevate positive affect more strongly than low energy musical activities, we here investigated a recent method that combined music making with systematically increasing physiological arousal by exercise machine workout. We compared mood and anxiety after two exercise conditions on non-cyclical exercise machines, one with passive music listening and the other with musical feedback (where participants could make music with the exercise machines). The results showed that agency during exercise machine workout (an activity we previously labeled jymmin – a cross between jammin and gym) had an enhancing effect on mood compared to workout with passive music listening. Furthermore, the order in which the conditions were presented mediated the effect of musical agency for this subscale when participants first listened passively, the difference in mood between the two conditions was greater, suggesting that a stronger increase in hormone levels (e.g., endorphins) during the active condition may have caused the observed effect. Given an enhanced mood after training with musical feedback compared to passively listening to the same type of music during workout, the results suggest that exercise machine workout with musical feedback (jymmin) makes the act of exercise machine training more desirable.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-05-242013-11-202013-12-10
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00921
PMID: 24368905
PMC: PMC3857889
Other: eCollection 2013
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 Sequence Number: 921 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: /journals/resource/1664-1078