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  How music alters a kiss: Superior temporal gyrus controls fusiform–amygdalar effective connectivity

Pehrs, C., Deserno, L., Bakels, J.-H., Schlochtermeier, L. H., Kappelhoff, H., Jacobs, A. M., et al. (2014). How music alters a kiss: Superior temporal gyrus controls fusiform–amygdalar effective connectivity. Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9(11), 1770-1778. doi:10.1093/scan/nst169.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-F4E3-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-122E-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Pehrs, Corinna1, 2, 3, 4, Author
Deserno, Lorenz5, 6, Author              
Bakels, Jan-Hendrik1, 7, Author
Schlochtermeier, Lorna H.1, 2, 3, 8, Author
Kappelhoff, Hermann1, 7, Author
Jacobs, Arthur M.1, 2, 3, Author
Fritz, Thomas Hans9, 10, 11, Author              
Koelsch, Stefan1, 3, Author              
Kuchinke, Lars1, 2, 3, 12, Author
Affiliations:
1Cluster Languages of Emotion, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Education and Psychology, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Dahlem Institute for Neuroimaging of Emotion, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Max Planck Fellow Group Cognitive and Affective Control of Behavioural Adaptation, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1753350              
7Department of Philosophy and Humanities, FU Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ, USA, ou_persistent22              
9Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634549              
10Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
11Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
12Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: fMRI; Non-linear DCM; Multisensory integration; Superior temporal gyrus; Emotion
 Abstract: While watching movies, the brain integrates the visual information and the musical soundtrack into a coherent percept. Multisensory integration can lead to emotion elicitation on which soundtrack valences may have a modulatory impact. Here, dynamic kissing scenes from romantic comedies were presented to 22 participants (13 females) during functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning. The kissing scenes were either accompanied by happy music, sad music or no music. Evidence from cross-modal studies motivated a predefined three-region network for multisensory integration of emotion, consisting of fusiform gyrus (FG), amygdala (AMY) and anterior superior temporal gyrus (aSTG). The interactions in this network were investigated using dynamic causal models of effective connectivity. This revealed bilinear modulations by happy and sad music with suppression effects on the connectivity from FG and AMY to aSTG. Non-linear dynamic causal modeling showed a suppressive gating effect of aSTG on fusiform–amygdalar connectivity. In conclusion, fusiform to amygdala coupling strength is modulated via feedback through aSTG as region for multisensory integration of emotional material. This mechanism was emotion-specific and more pronounced for sad music. Therefore, soundtrack valences may modulate emotion elicitation in movies by differentially changing preprocessed visual information to the amygdala.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-09-172012-12-202013-10-312013-12-242014-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/scan/nst169
PMID: 24298171
PMC: PMC4221214
Other: Epub 2013
 Degree: -

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Title: Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1770 - 1778 Identifier: ISSN: 1749-5016
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000223760