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  Adaptive divergence in experimental populations of Pseudomonas fluorescens. V. Insight into the niche specialist fuzzy spreader compels revision of the model Pseudomonas radiation

Ferguson, G. C., Bertels, F., & Rainey, P. B. (2013). Adaptive divergence in experimental populations of Pseudomonas fluorescens. V. Insight into the niche specialist fuzzy spreader compels revision of the model Pseudomonas radiation. Genetics, 195(4), 1319-1335. doi:10.1534/genetics.113.154948.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-1190-4 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-1191-2
Genre: Journal Article

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Ferguson, Gayle C., Author
Bertels, Frederic, Author
Rainey, Paul B.1, Author              
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1External Scientific Member Group Experimental and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445637              

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 Abstract: Pseudomonas fluorescens is a model for the study of adaptive radiation. When propagated in a spatially structured environment, the bacterium rapidly diversifies into a range of niche specialist genotypes. Here we present a genetic dissection and phenotypic characterization of the fuzzy spreader (FS) morphotype—a type that arises repeatedly during the course of the P. fluorescens radiation and appears to colonize the bottom of static broth microcosms. The causal mutation is located within gene fuzY (pflu0478)—the fourth gene of the five-gene fuzVWXYZ operon. fuzY encodes a b-glycosyltransferase that is predicted to modify lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O antigens. The effect of the mutation is to cause cell flocculation. Analysis of 92 independent FS genotypes showed each to have arisen as the result of a loss-of-function mutation in fuzY, although different mutations have subtly different phenotypic and fitness effects. Mutations within fuzY were previously shown to suppress the phenotype of mat-forming wrinkly spreader (WS) types. This prompted a reinvestigation of FS niche preference. Time-lapse photography showed that FS colonizes the meniscus of broth microcosms, forming cellular rafts that, being too flimsy to form a mat, collapse to the vial bottom and then repeatably reform only to collapse. This led to a reassessment of the ecology of the P. fluorescens radiation. Finally, we show that ecological interactions between the three dominant emergent types (smooth, WS, and FS), combined with the interdependence of FS and WS on fuzY, can, at least in part, underpin an evolutionary arms race with bacteriophage SBW25F2, to which mutation in fuzY confers resistance.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-06-302013-09-162013-09-272013-12-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1534/genetics.113.154948
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Title: Genetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Genetics Society of America
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 195 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1319 - 1335 Identifier: ISSN: 0016-6731 (print)
ISSN: 0016-6731 (online)
ISSN: 1943-2631 (online)
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925400554