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  Lifestyle and memory in the elderly

Flöel, A., Witte, V., Lohmann, H., Wersching, H., Ringelstein, E. B., Berger, K., et al. (2008). Lifestyle and memory in the elderly. Neuroepidemiology, 31(1), 39-47. doi:10.1159/000137378.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-9593-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-CB9B-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Flöel, A.1, 2, Author
Witte, Veronica1, Author              
Lohmann, H.1, Author
Wersching, H.1, Author
Ringelstein, E. B.1, Author
Berger, K.3, Author
Knecht, S.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Neurology, University of Münster, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Klinische Forschung Münster, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Münster, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Cognition; Aging; Exercise; Diet; Smoking; Alcohol; Body mass index; Systemic evaluation and alleviation of risk factors for cognitive health study
 Abstract: Background: Healthy lifestyle has been associated with a decreased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, but its relationship with memory functions is still inconclusive. This study aims to analyze the association between a composite lifestyle index and memory performance. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, 198 healthy individuals (aged 65–84 years) underwent tests of verbal episodic memory. A composite lifestyle index was calculated that included the following lifestyle dimensions: physical exercise, dietary habits, BMI, smoking and alcohol consumption. The healthiest behavior was defined as: a BMI <22; a diet high in fruits, vegetables, wholemeal/low-fat foods and unsaturated fatty acids; energy expenditure through physical activity >13,000 kcal/week; a history of never smoking; an alcohol consumption of 4–10 drinks per week. Results: Linear regression analysis revealed that a high lifestyle index score was associated with a better memory score (after adjusting for age, sex, education and blood pressure). The composite index had a stronger relationship with memory scores than single factors. Conclusions: This cross-sectional study revealed that a healthy lifestyle, assessed by a simple composite index, is related to better memory performance in healthy elderly individuals. Our findings point to the importance of a comprehensive modulation of lifestyle factors when finding ways to preserve memory functions in the elderly.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1159/000137378
 Degree: -

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Title: Neuroepidemiology
  Other : Neuroepidemiology
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Basel : S. Karger
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 31 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 39 - 47 Identifier: ISSN: 0251-5350
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925495997