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  A mosaic maternal splice donor mutation in the EHMT1 gene leads to aberrant transcripts and to Kleefstra syndrome in the offspring

Rump, A., Hildebrand, L., Tzschach, A., Ullmann, R., Schrock, E., & Mitter, D. (2013). A mosaic maternal splice donor mutation in the EHMT1 gene leads to aberrant transcripts and to Kleefstra syndrome in the offspring. European journal of human genetics: EJHG; the official journal of the European Society of Human Genetics, 21(8), 887-890. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2012.267.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-EAA9-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-EAAF-0
Genre: Journal Article

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© 2014 European Society of Human Genetics
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 Creators:
Rump, A., Author
Hildebrand, L., Author
Tzschach, A., Author
Ullmann, R.1, Author              
Schrock, E., Author
Mitter, D., Author
Affiliations:
1Molecular Cytogenetics (Reinhard Ullmann), Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1479645              

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Free keywords: Child, Preschool Chromosome Deletion Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics Craniofacial Abnormalities/*genetics DNA Mutational Analysis Exons/genetics Family Health Female Heart Defects, Congenital/*genetics Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/*genetics Humans Intellectual Disability/*genetics Introns/genetics Male *Point Mutation RNA Splice Sites/*genetics RNA Splicing RNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolism Transcription, Genetic Young Adult
 Abstract: The euchromatic histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 1 (EHMT1) gene was examined in a 3-year-old boy with characteristic clinical features of Kleefstra syndrome. Sequencing of all 27 EHMT1 exons revealed a novel mutation, NM_024757.4:c.2712+1G>A, which affects the splice donor of intron 18. Whereas the index patient is heterozygous for that mutation, his phenotypically normal mother shows tissue-specific mosaicism. Sequencing of EHMT1 RT-PCR products revealed two aberrant transcript variants: in one variant, exon 18 was skipped; in the other, a near-by GT motif was used as splice donor and intronic sequence was inserted between exons 18 and 19. Both transcript variants were found in the patient and his mother. The latter had lower amounts of these transcripts consistent with mosaic status. This is the first description of an EHMT1 point mutation being inherited from a parent with verified mosaicism. The constitutive c.2712+1G>A splice site mutation in EHMT1 is fully pathogenic, and the transcript variants produced do not attenuate the severity of the disease.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.267
ISSN: 1476-5438 (Electronic)1018-4813 (Print)
URI: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23232695
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Title: European journal of human genetics : EJHG ; the official journal of the European Society of Human Genetics
  Abbreviation : Eur J Hum Genet
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel : Karger
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 21 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 887 - 890 Identifier: ISSN: 1018-4813
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925585277_1