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  Elastic properties and heterogeneous stiffness of the Phi29 motor connector channel.

Kumar, R., & Grubmüller, H. (2014). Elastic properties and heterogeneous stiffness of the Phi29 motor connector channel. Biophysical Journal, 106(6), 1338-1348. doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2014.01.028.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-12DE-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-CBEE-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Kumar, R.1, Author              
Grubmüller, H.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Theoretical and Computational Biophysics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578631              

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 Abstract: The DNA packaging motor of the bacteriophage phi 29, comprising head-tail connector, ATPase, and pRNA, transports the viral DNA inside the procapsid against pressure differences of up to similar to 60 atm during replication. Several models for the DNA packaging mechanism have been proposed, which attribute different roles to the connector, and require specific mechanical properties of the connector. To characterize these properties at the atomic level, and to understand how the connector withstands this large pressure, we have carried out molecular dynamics simulations of the whole connector both in equilibrium and under mechanical stress. The simulations revealed a quite heterogeneous distribution of stiff and soft regions, resembling that of typical composite materials that are also optimized to resist mechanical stress. In particular, the conserved middle a-helical region is found to be remarkably stiff, similar only to structural proteins forming viral shell, silk, or collagen. In contrast, large parts of the peripheral interface to the phi 29 procapsid turned out to be rather soft. Force probe and umbrella sampling simulations showed that large connector deformations are remarkably reversible, and served to calculate the free energies required for these deformations. In particular, for an untwisting deformation by 12 degrees, as postulated by the untwist-twist model, more than four times' larger energy is required than is available from hydrolysis of one ATP molecule. Combined with previous experiments, this result is incompatible with the untwist-twist model. In contrast, our simulations support the recently proposed one-way revolution model and suggest in structural terms how the connector blocks DNA leakage. In particular, conserved loops at the rim of the central channel, which are in direct contact with the DNA, are found to be rather flexible and tightly anchored to the rigid central region. These findings suggest a check-valve mechanism, with the flexible loops obstructing the channel by interacting with the viral DNA.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-03-18
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2014.01.028
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Title: Biophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 106 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1338 - 1348 Identifier: -