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  Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity

Allan, E., Bossdorf, O., Dormann, C. F., Prati, D., Gossnerd, M., Tscharntke, T., et al. (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(1), 308-313. doi:10.1073/pnas.1312213111.

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Allan, Eric, Author
Bossdorf, Oliver, Author
Dormann, Carsten F., Author
Prati, Daniel, Author
Gossnerd, Martin, Author
Tscharntke, Teja, Author
Blüthgen, Nico, Author
Bellach, Michaela, Author
Birkhofer, Klaus, Author
Boch, Steffen, Author
Böhm, Stefan, Author
Börschig, Carmen, Author
Chatzinotas, Antonis, Author
Christ, Sabina, Author
Daniel, Rolf, Author
Diekötter, Tim, Author
Fischerm, Christiane, Author
Friedl, Thomas, Author
Glaser, Karin, Author
Hallmann, Christine, Author
Hodac, Ladislav, AuthorHölzel, Norbert, AuthorJung, Kirsten, AuthorKlein, Alexandra Maria, AuthorKlaus, Valentin H., AuthorKleinebecker, Till, AuthorKrauss, Jochen, AuthorLange, Markus, AuthorMorriss, E. Kathryn, AuthorMüller, Jörg, AuthorNacke, Heiko, AuthorPašalic, Esther, AuthorRilligt, Matthias C., AuthorRothenwöhrer, Christoph, AuthorSchall, Peter, AuthorScherber, Christoph, AuthorSchulze, W. X.1, Author           Socher, Stephanie, AuthorSteckel, Juliane, AuthorSteffan-Dewenter, Ingolf, AuthorTürcke, Manfred, AuthorWeiner, Christiane N., AuthorWerner, Micahel, AuthorWestphal, Catrin, AuthorWolters, Volkmar, AuthorWubet, Tesfaye, AuthorGockel, Sonja, AuthorGorke, Martin, AuthorHemp, Andreas, AuthorRenner, Swen C., AuthorSchöning, Ingo, AuthorPfeiffer, Simone, AuthorKönig-Ries, Birgitta, AuthorBuscot, François, AuthorLinsenmair, Karl-Eduard, AuthorSchulze, Ernst Deflef, AuthorWeisser, Wolfgang W., AuthorFischer, Markus, Author more..
1Signalling Proteomics, Department Stitt, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society, ou_1753330              


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 Abstract: Although temporal heterogeneity is a well-accepted driver of biodiversity, effects of interannual variation in land-use intensity (LUI) have not been addressed yet. Additionally, responses to land use can differ greatly among different organisms; therefore, overall effects of land-use on total local biodiversity are hardly known. To test for effects of LUI (quantified as the combined intensity of fertilization, grazing, and mowing) and interannual variation in LUI (SD in LUI across time), we introduce a unique measure of whole-ecosystem biodiversity, multidiversity. This synthesizes individual diversity measures across up to 49 taxonomic groups of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria from 150 grasslands. Multidiversity declined with increasing LUI among grasslands, particularly for rarer species and aboveground organisms, whereas common species and belowground groups were less sensitive. However, a high level of interannual variation in LUI increased overall multidiversity at low LUI and was even more beneficial for rarer species because it slowed the rate at which the multidiversity of rare species declined with increasing LUI. In more intensively managed grasslands, the diversity of rarer species was, on average, 18% of the maximum diversity across all grasslands when LUI was static over time but increased to 31% of the maximum when LUI changed maximally over time. In addition to decreasing overall LUI, we suggest varying LUI across years as a complementary strategy to promote biodiversity conservation.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-11-202014-01-072014
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: Other: BGC1967
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1312213111
 Degree: -



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Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Other : Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: National Academy of Sciences
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 111 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 308 - 313 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427230