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  Phonological and morphological constraints on German /t/-deletions

Zimmerer, F., Scharinger, M., & Reetz, H. (2014). Phonological and morphological constraints on German /t/-deletions. Journal of Phonetics, 45, 64-75. doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2014.03.006.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-85B1-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-CB21-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Zimmerer, Frank1, 2, Author
Scharinger, Mathias3, 4, Author              
Reetz, Henning2, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Computational Linguistics and Phonetics, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Phonetics, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_751545              
4Department of Language and Literature, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Running speech; Final /t/-deletion; Corpus construction; Verb form production; Phonology; Morphology
 Abstract: In running speech, deviations from canonical pronunciations are omnipresent. In extreme cases, segments such as /t/ are deleted altogether. On the other hand, /t/ may have morphological meaning, for instance, as marker of past tense in deal-t. Is it thus less likely that /t/ is deleted in dealt than in monomorphemic words, such as paint? Previous research suggests that morphological constraints on /t/-deletions indeed exist in English. However, in languages like German with richer morphology than English, the probability that /t/ with morphological information is deleted seems to be higher, particularly in contexts where /t/-deletion can allow for cluster simplification. Would such phonological effects override morphological constraints on /t/-deletion? To this end, a novel inflectional spoken verb form corpus was constructed in order to analyze the role of phonological and morphological influences on /t/-deletions. Final /t/ was part of suffixes in 2nd and 3rd person singular present tense verb forms (e.g., mach-st; mach-t; ‘make’). Statistical analyses on /t/-deletions revealed that phonological context was highly predictive of /t/-deletions, particularly in cases where cluster simplifications were possible. This was true even in the 3rd person verb forms, where /t/ is morphologically more meaningful than in the 2nd person verb forms, and despite the fact that overall, /t/ was deleted less often in the 3rd than in the 2nd person. Altogether, this suggests that both phonology and morphology may constraint (or predict) /t/-deletions in German, but phonology can override morphological constraints in certain situations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-03-262014-04-182014-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.wocn.2014.03.006
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Title: Journal of Phonetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 45 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 64 - 75 Identifier: ISSN: 0095-4470
CoNE: /journals/resource/954922647080