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  A complex of Cas proteins 5, 6, and 7 is required for the biogenesis and stability of Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-derived RNAs (crRNAs) in Haloferax volcanii.

Brendel, J., Stoll, B., Lange, S. J., Sharma, K., Lenz, C., Stachler, A. E., et al. (2014). A complex of Cas proteins 5, 6, and 7 is required for the biogenesis and stability of Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-derived RNAs (crRNAs) in Haloferax volcanii. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 289(10), 7164-7177. doi:10.1074/jbc.M113.508184.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-BE85-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-CF63-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Brendel, J., Author
Stoll, B., Author
Lange, S. J., Author
Sharma, K.1, Author              
Lenz, C.1, Author              
Stachler, A. E., Author
Maier, L. K., Author
Richter, H., Author
Nickel, L., Author
Schmitz, R. A., Author
Randau, L., Author
Allers, T., Author
Urlaub, H.1, Author              
Backofen, R., Author
Marchfelder, A., Author
Affiliations:
1Research Group of Bioanalytical Mass Spectrometry, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578613              

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Free keywords: Archaea; Microbiology; Molecular Biology; Molecular Genetics; Protein Complexes; CRISPR; Cas; Cas6; Haloferax volcanii; crRNA; Type I-B
 Abstract: Background: The Cas6 protein is required for generating crRNAs in CRISPR-Cas I and III systems. Results: The Cas6 protein is necessary for crRNA production but not sufficient for crRNA maintenance in Haloferax. Conclusion: A Cascade-like complex is required in the type I-B system for a stable crRNA population. Significance: The CRISPR-Cas system I-B has a similar Cascade complex like types I-A and I-E. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated (CRISPR-Cas) system is a prokaryotic defense mechanism against foreign genetic elements. A plethora of CRISPR-Cas versions exist, with more than 40 different Cas protein families and several different molecular approaches to fight the invading DNA. One of the key players in the system is the CRISPR-derived RNA (crRNA), which directs the invader-degrading Cas protein complex to the invader. The CRISPR-Cas types I and III use the Cas6 protein to generate mature crRNAs. Here, we show that the Cas6 protein is necessary for crRNA production but that additional Cas proteins that form a CRISPR-associated complex for antiviral defense (Cascade)-like complex are needed for crRNA stability in the CRISPR-Cas type I-B system in Haloferax volcanii in vivo. Deletion of the cas6 gene results in the loss of mature crRNAs and interference. However, cells that have the complete cas gene cluster (cas1-8b) removed and are transformed with the cas6 gene are not able to produce and stably maintain mature crRNAs. crRNA production and stability is rescued only if cas5, -6, and -7 are present. Mutational analysis of the cas6 gene reveals three amino acids (His-41, Gly-256, and Gly-258) that are essential for pre-crRNA cleavage, whereas the mutation of two amino acids (Ser-115 and Ser-224) leads to an increase of crRNA amounts. This is the first systematic in vivo analysis of Cas6 protein variants. In addition, we show that the H. volcanii I-B system contains a Cascade-like complex with a Cas7, Cas5, and Cas6 core that protects the crRNA.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-01-232014-03-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.508184
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Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 289 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 7164 - 7177 Identifier: -