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  How do we recognise who is speaking?

Mathias, S. R., & von Kriegstein, K. (2014). How do we recognise who is speaking? Frontiers in Bioscience, S6, 92-109. doi:10.2741/S417.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-E9AE-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-CAB7-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Mathias, Samuel R.1, 2, Author
von Kriegstein, Katharina1, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634556              
2Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neurotechnology, Boston University, MA, USA, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: The human brain effortlessly extracts a wealth of information from natural speech, which allows the listener to both understand the speech message and recognise who is speaking. This article reviews behavioural and neuroscientific work that has attempted to characterise how listeners achieve speaker recognition. Behavioural studies suggest that the action of a speaker's glottal folds and the overall length of their vocal tract carry important voice-quality information. Although these cues are useful for discriminating and recognising speakers under certain circumstances, listeners may use virtually any systematic feature for recognition. Neuroscientific studies have revealed that speaker recognition relies upon a predominantly right-lateralised network of brain regions. Specifically, the posterior parts of superior temporal sulcus appear to perform some of the acoustical analyses necessary for the perception of speaker and message, whilst anterior portions may play a more abstract role in perceiving speaker identity. This voice-processing network is supported by direct, early connections to non-auditory regions, such as the visual face-sensitive area in the fusiform gyrus, which may serve to optimize person recognition.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.2741/S417
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Title: Frontiers in Bioscience
  Other : Front. Biosci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Tampa, Fla. : Frontiers in Bioscience Publications
Pages: - Volume / Issue: S6 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 92 - 109 Identifier: ISSN: 1093-9946
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110978984565769