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  Development of behavioural control and associated vmPFC-DLPFC connectivity explains children’s increased resistance to temptation in intertemporal choice

Steinbeis, N., Haushofer, J., Fehr, E., & Singer, T. (2016). Development of behavioural control and associated vmPFC-DLPFC connectivity explains children’s increased resistance to temptation in intertemporal choice. Cerebral Cortex, 26(1), 32-42. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhu167.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-F5EB-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-142D-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Steinbeis, Nikolaus1, Author              
Haushofer, Johannes2, Author
Fehr, Ernst2, Author
Singer, Tania1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Behavioral control; Child development; Functional development of DLPFC; Intertemporal choice; Valuation
 Abstract: Human civilization is based on the successful pursuit of long-term goals, requiring the ability to forego immediate pleasure for the sake of larger future rewards. This ability improves with age, but the precise cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying its development remain elusive. The developmental changes could result either from younger children valuing immediate rewards more strongly or because older children become better at controlling their impulses. By implementing 2 tasks, a choice-independent valuation task and an intertemporal choice task, both behaviorally and using fMRI in twenty 6- to 13-year old children, we show developmental improvements in behavioral control to uniquely account for age-related changes in temporal discounting. We show further that overcoming temptation during childhood occurs as a function of an age-related increase in functional coupling between value signals in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and brain regions dedicated to behavioral control, such as left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during choice. These findings can help to devise measures that reduce the substantial costs of impatience to society.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20142014-08-062016-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhu167
PMID: 25100855
Other: Epub 2014
 Degree: -

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Title: Cerebral Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 26 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 32 - 42 Identifier: ISSN: 1047-3211
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925592440