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  Neural substrates of social emotion regulation: A fMRI study on imitation and expressive suppression to dynamic facial signals

Vrticka, P., Simioni, S., Fornari, E., Schluep, M., Vuilleumier, P., & Sander, D. (2013). Neural substrates of social emotion regulation: A fMRI study on imitation and expressive suppression to dynamic facial signals. Frontiers in Psychology, 4: 95. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00095.

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 Creators:
Vrticka, Pascal1, 2, 3, Author              
Simioni, Samanta3, 4, Author
Fornari, Eleonora5, Author
Schluep, Myriam4, Author
Vuilleumier, Patrik2, 6, Author
Sander, David2, 3, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
3Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression, Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
4Département des Neurosciences Cliniques, Laboratoire de Recherche en Neuroimagerie (LREN), Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
5Radiology Department, Centre d'Imagerie Biomédicale (CIBM), Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
6Laboratory for Neurology & Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Emotion regulation; Expressive suppression; Imitation; Emotional facial expressions; fMRI
 Abstract: Emotion regulation is crucial for successfully engaging in social interactions. Yet, little is known about the neural mechanisms controlling behavioral responses to emotional expressions perceived in the face of other people, which constitute a key element of interpersonal communication. Here, we investigated brain systems involved in social emotion perception and regulation, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 20 healthy participants. The latter saw dynamic facial expressions of either happiness or sadness, and were asked to either imitate the expression or to suppress any expression on their own face (in addition to a gender judgment control task). fMRI results revealed higher activity in regions associated with emotion (e.g., the insula), motor function (e.g., motor cortex), and theory of mind (e.g., [pre]cuneus) during imitation. Activity in dorsal cingulate cortex was also increased during imitation, possibly reflecting greater action monitoring or conflict with own feeling states. In addition, premotor regions were more strongly activated during both imitation and suppression, suggesting a recruitment of motor control for both the production and inhibition of emotion expressions. Expressive suppression (eSUP) produced increases in dorsolateral and lateral prefrontal cortex typically related to cognitive control. These results suggest that voluntary imitation and eSUP modulate brain responses to emotional signals perceived from faces, by up- and down-regulating activity in distributed subcortical and cortical networks that are particularly involved in emotion, action monitoring, and cognitive control.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-08-142013-02-082013-02-27
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00095
PMID: 23450458
PMC: PMC3582997
Other: eCollection 2013
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 Sequence Number: 95 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078