English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  The auditory scene: An fMRI study on melody and accompaniment in professional pianists

Spada, D., Verga, L., Iadanza, A., Tettamanti, M., & Perani, D. (2014). The auditory scene: An fMRI study on melody and accompaniment in professional pianists. NeuroImage, 102(2), 764-775. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.08.036.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0023-CC8E-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1490-3
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Spada, Danilo1, Author
Verga, Laura2, Author              
Iadanza, Antonella3, Author
Tettamanti, Marco4, 5, Author
Perani, Daniela1, 4, 5, Author
Affiliations:
1Faculty of Psychology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
3Division of Neuroradiology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy, ou_persistent22              
4Nuclear Medicine Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy, ou_persistent22              
5Division of Neuroscience, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy, ou_persistent22              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Music; Harmony; Melody; Accompaniment; Salience; Auditory stream segregation
 Abstract: The auditory scene is a mental representation of individual sounds extracted from the summed sound waveform reaching the ears of the listeners. Musical contexts represent particularly complex cases of auditory scenes. In such a scenario, melody may be seen as the main object moving on a background represented by the accompaniment. Both melody and accompaniment vary in time according to harmonic rules, forming a typical texture with melody in the most prominent, salient voice. In the present sparse acquisition functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we investigated the interplay between melody and accompaniment in trained pianists, by observing the activation responses elicited by processing: (1) melody placed in the upper and lower texture voices, leading to, respectively, a higher and lower auditory salience; (2) harmonic violations occurring in either the melody, the accompaniment, or both. The results indicated that the neural activation elicited by the processing of polyphonic compositions in expert musicians depends upon the upper versus lower position of the melodic line in the texture, and showed an overall greater activation for the harmonic processing of melody over accompaniment. Both these two predominant effects were characterized by the involvement of the posterior cingulate cortex and precuneus, among other associative brain regions. We discuss the prominent role of the posterior medial cortex in the processing of melodic and harmonic information in the auditory stream, and propose to frame this processing in relation to the cognitive construction of complex multimodal sensory imagery scenes.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-08-202014-08-282014-11-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.08.036
PMID: 24096127
Other: Epub 2013
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 102 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 764 - 775 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: /journals/resource/954922650166