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  Volitional components of consciousness vary across wakefulness, dreaming, and lucid dreaming

Dresler, M., Eibl, L., Fischer, C. F. J., Wehrle, R., Spoormaker, V. I., Steiger, A., et al. (2014). Volitional components of consciousness vary across wakefulness, dreaming, and lucid dreaming. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4: 987. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00987.

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 Creators:
Dresler, Martin1, Author              
Eibl, Leandra2, Author              
Fischer, Christian F. J.2, Author              
Wehrle, Renate3, Author              
Spoormaker, Victor I.3, Author              
Steiger, Axel1, Author              
Czisch, Michael3, Author              
Pawlowski, Marcel1, Author              
Affiliations:
1AG Steiger, Axel, Florian Holsboer (Direktor), Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society, ou_1607160              
2Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society, ou_1607137              
3AG Czisch, Michael, Florian Holsboer (Direktor), Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society, ou_1607144              

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 Abstract: Consciousness is a multifaceted concept; its different aspects vary across species, vigilance states, or health conditions. While basal aspects of consciousness like perceptions and emotions are present in many states and species, higher-order aspects like reflective or volitional capabilities seem to be most pronounced in awake humans. Here we assess the experience of volition across different states of consciousness: 10 frequent lucid dreamers rated different aspects of volition according to the Volitional Components Questionnaire for phases of normal dreaming, lucid dreaming, and wakefulness. Overall, experienced volition was comparable for lucid dreaming and wakefulness, and rated significantly higher for both states compared to non-lucid dreaming. However, three subscales showed specific differences across states of consciousness: planning ability was most pronounced during wakefulness, intention enactment most pronounced during lucid dreaming, and self-determination most pronounced during both wakefulness and lucid dreaming. Our data confirm the multifaceted nature of consciousness: different higher-order aspects of consciousness are differentially expressed across different conscious states.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-12-112014-01-02
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: ISI: 000331263800001
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00987
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Title: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: CH : Frontiers Media SA
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 Sequence Number: 987 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078