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  Differential changes in self-reported aspects of interoceptive awareness through three months of contemplative training

Bornemann, B., Herbert, B. M., Mehling, W. E., & Singer, T. (2015). Differential changes in self-reported aspects of interoceptive awareness through three months of contemplative training. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 1504. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01504.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-4C67-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7984-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Bornemann, Boris1, Author              
Herbert, Beate M. 2, 3, Author
Mehling, Wolf E. 4, Author
Singer, Tania1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Ulm University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Family and Community Medicine, Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Interoceptive awareness; Interoception; Body awareness; Contemplative training; Meditation; Questionnaire; Change; Mindfulness
 Abstract: Interoceptive body awareness (IA) is crucial for psychological well-being and plays an important role in many contemplative traditions. However, until recently, standardized self-report measures of IA were scarce, not comprehensive, and the effects of interoceptive training on such measures were largely unknown. The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) questionnaire measures IA with eight different scales. In the current study, we investigated whether and how these different aspects of IA are influenced by a 3-months contemplative intervention in the context of the ReSource project, in which 148 subjects engaged in daily practices of “Body Scan” and “Breath Meditation.” We developed a German version of the MAIA and tested it in a large and diverse sample (n = 1,076). Internal consistencies were similar to the English version (0.56–0.89), retest reliability was high (rs: 0.66–0.79), and the MAIA showed good convergent and discriminant validity. Importantly, interoceptive training improved five out of eight aspects of IA, compared to a retest control group. Participants with low IA scores at baseline showed the biggest changes. Whereas practice duration only weakly predicted individual differences in change, self-reported liking of the practices and degree of integration into daily life predicted changes on most scales. Interestingly, the magnitude of observed changes varied across scales. The strongest changes were observed for the regulatory aspects of IA, that is, how the body is used for self-regulation in daily life. No significant changes were observed for the Noticing aspect (becoming aware of bodily changes), which is the aspect that is predominantly assessed in other IA measures. This differential pattern underscores the importance to assess IA multi-dimensionally, particularly when interested in enhancement of IA through contemplative practice or other mind–body interventions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-10-022014-12-052015-01-06
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01504
PMID: 25610410
PMC: PMC4284997
Other: eCollection 2014
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 Sequence Number: 1504 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078