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  Origin of Inversion versus Retention in the Oxidative Addition of 3-Chloro-cyclopentene to Pd(0)Ln

Wolf, L. M., & Thiel, W. (2014). Origin of Inversion versus Retention in the Oxidative Addition of 3-Chloro-cyclopentene to Pd(0)Ln. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 79(24), 12136-12147. doi:10.1021/jo5020068.

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Wolf, Larry M.1, Author              
Thiel, Walter1, Author              
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1Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445590              

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 Abstract: The preference for syn versus anti oxidative addition of 3-chloro-cyclopentene to Pd(0)Ln was investigated using density functional theory (L = PH3, PMe3, PF3, ethylene, maleic anhydride, pyridine, imidazol-2-ylidene). Both mono- and bis-ligation modes were studied (n = 1 and 2). The pathways were analyzed at the B2PLYP-D3/def2-TZVPP//TPSS-D3/def2-TZVP level, and an interaction/distortion analysis was performed at the ZORA-TPSS-D3/TZ2P level for elucidating the origin of the selectivity preferences. Mechanistically, the anti addition follows an SN2 type mechanism, whereas the syn addition has partial SN1 and SN2′ character. Contrary to the traditional rationale that orbital interactions are dominant in the anti pathway, analysis of the variation of the interaction components along the intrinsic reaction coordinate shows that the syn pathway exhibits stronger overall orbital interactions. This orbital preference for the syn pathway diminishes with increasing donor capacity of the ligand. It is caused by the donation of the isolated p orbitals on the migrating chlorine atom to the PdLn fragment, which is lacking in the anti pathway, whereas the HOMO–LUMO overlap between the fragments is greater for the anti pathway. Electrostatically, the syn pathway is preferred for weakly donating and withdrawing ligands, whereas the anti pathway is favored with strongly donating ligands.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-08-312014-09-302014-12-19
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 12
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/jo5020068
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Title: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C., etc. : American Chemical Society [etc.]
Pages: 12 Volume / Issue: 79 (24) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 12136 - 12147 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3263
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925416967