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  Conversion of sugars to ethylene glycol with nickel tungsten carbide in a fed-batch reactor: high productivity and reaction network elucidation

Ooms, R., Dusselier, M., Geboers, J., Op de Beeck, B., Verhaeven, R., Gobechiya, E., et al. (2014). Conversion of sugars to ethylene glycol with nickel tungsten carbide in a fed-batch reactor: high productivity and reaction network elucidation. Green Chemistry, 16(2), 695-707. doi:10.1039/c3gc41431k.

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 Creators:
Ooms, Roselinde1, Author
Dusselier, Michiel1, Author
Geboers, Jan2, Author              
Op de Beeck, Beau1, Author
Verhaeven, Rick1, Author
Gobechiya, Elena1, Author
Martens, Johan A.1, Author
Redl, Andreas3, Author
Sels, Bert F.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Center for Surface Science and Catalysis, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 23, 3001, Heverlee, Belgium , ou_persistent22              
2Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445589              
3TEREOS SYRAL SAS, Z.I et Portuaire B.P.32, F-67390 Marckolsheim, France , ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Bifunctional nickel tungsten carbide catalysis was used for the conversion of aqueous sugar solutions into short-chain polyols such as ethylene glycol. It is shown that very concentrated sugar solutions, viz, up to 0.2 kg L-1, can be converted without toss of ethylene glycol selectivity by gradually feeding the sugar solution. Detailed investigation of the reaction network shows that, under the applied reaction conditions, glucose is converted via a retro-aldol reaction into glycol aldehyde, which is further transformed into ethylene glycol by hydrogenation. The main byproducts are sorbitol, erythritol, glycerol and 1,2-propanediol. They are formed through a series of unwanted side reactions including hydrogenation, isomerisation, hydrogenolysis and dehydration. Hydrogenolysis of sorbitol is only a minor source of ethylene glycol. To assess the relevance of the fed-batch system in biomass conversions, both the influence of the catalyst composition and the reactor setup parameters like temperature, pressure and glucose addition rate were optimized, culminating in ethylene glycol yields up to 66% and separately, volume productivities of nearly 300 gEG L-1 h-1.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-10-152014
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/c3gc41431k
 Degree: -

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Title: Green Chemistry
  Other : Green Chem.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, UK : Royal Society of Chemistry
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 16 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 695 - 707 Identifier: ISSN: 1463-9262
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925625301