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  Biomass burning fuel consumption rates: a field measurement database

van Leeuwen, T., van der Werf, G., Hoffmann, A., Detmers, R., Rucker, G., French, N., et al. (2014). Biomass burning fuel consumption rates: a field measurement database. Biogeosciences, 11, 7305-7329. doi:10.5194/bg-11-7305-2014.

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van Leeuwen, T.T., Author
van der Werf, G.R., Author
Hoffmann, A.A., Author
Detmers, R.G., Author
Rucker, G., Author
French, N.H.F., Author
Archibald, S., Author
Carvalho, J.A., Author
Cook, G.D., Author
de Groot, W.J., Author
Hely, C., Author
Kasischke, E.S., Author
Kloster, Silvia1, Author              
McCarty, J.L., Author
Pettinari, M.L., Author
Savadogo, P., Author
Alvarado, E.C., Author
Boschetti, L., Author
Manuri, S., Author
Meyer, C.P., Author
Siegert, F., AuthorTrollope, L.A., AuthorTrollope, W.S.W., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Emmy Noether Junior Research Group Fire in the Earth System, The Land in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society, ou_913563              

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Free keywords: FOREST CLEARING EXPERIMENT; FIRE RADIATIVE ENERGY; DIRECT CARBON EMISSIONS; AMAZONIAN RAIN-FORESTS; TRACE GAS EMISSIONS; ORGANIC-MATTER LOST; BOREAL FOREST; ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS; CHARCOAL FORMATION; BRAZILIAN AMAZON
 Abstract: Landscape fires show large variability in the amount of biomass or fuel consumed per unit area burned. Fuel consumption (FC) depends on the biomass available to burn and the fraction of the biomass that is actually combusted, and can be combined with estimates of area burned to assess emissions. While burned area can be detected from space and estimates are becoming more reliable due to improved algorithms and sensors, FC is usually modeled or taken selectively from the literature. We compiled the peerreviewed literature on FC for various biomes and fuel categories to understand FC and its variability better, and to provide a database that can be used to constrain biogeochemical models with fire modules. We compiled in total 77 studies covering 11 biomes including savanna (15 studies, average FC of 4.6 t DM (dry matter) ha 1 with a standard deviation of 2.2), tropical forest (n = 19, FC = 126 +/- 77), temperate forest (n = 12, FC = 58 +/- 72), boreal forest (n = 16, FC = 35 +/- 24), pasture (n = 4, FC = 28 +/- 9.3), shifting cultivation (n = 2, FC = 23, with a range of 4.0-43), crop residue (n = 4, FC = 6.5 +/- 9.0), chaparral (n = 3, FC = 27 +/- 19), tropical peatland (n = 4, FC = 314 +/- 196), boreal peatland (n = 2, FC = 42 [42-43]), and tundra (n = 1, FC = 40). Within biomes the regional variability in the number of measurements was sometimes large, with e. g. only three measurement locations in boreal Russia and 35 sites in North America. Substantial regional differences in FC were found within the defined biomes: for example, FC of temperate pine forests in the USA was 37% lower than Australian forests dominated by eucalypt trees. Besides showing the differences between biomes, FC estimates were also grouped into different fuel classes. Our results highlight the large variability in FC, not only between biomes but also within biomes and fuel classes. This implies that substantial uncertainties are associated with using biome-averaged values to represent FC for whole biomes. Comparing the compiled FC values with co-located Global Fire Emissions Database version 3 (GFED3) FC indicates that modeling studies that aim to represent variability in FC also within biomes, still require improvements as they have difficulty in representing the dynamics governing FC.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: ISI: 000347959800010
DOI: 10.5194/bg-11-7305-2014
 Degree: -

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Title: Biogeosciences
  Other : Biogeosciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany : Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 7305 - 7329 Identifier: ISSN: 1726-4170
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111087929276006