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  Neural networks involved in learning lexical-semantic and syntactic information in a second language

Mueller, J. L., Rueschemeyer, S.-A., Ono, K., Sugiura, M., Sadato, N., & Nakamura, A. (2014). Neural networks involved in learning lexical-semantic and syntactic information in a second language. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 1209. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01209.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-68F0-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7C2D-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Mueller, Jutta L.1, 2, Author              
Rueschemeyer, Shirley-Ann3, Author
Ono, Kentaro4, 5, Author
Sugiura, Motoaki6, 7, Author
Sadato, Norihiro7, Author
Nakamura, Akinori4, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Osnabrück, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
3Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Clinical and Experimental Neuroimaging, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan, ou_persistent22              
5Graduate School of Medicine, Human Brain Research Center, Kyoto University, Japan, ou_persistent22              
6Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Cerebral Research, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Okazaki, Japan, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Word learning; Syntactic learning; fMRI; Plasticity; Second language
 Abstract: The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural correlates of language acquisition in a realistic learning environment. Japanese native speakers were trained in a miniature version of German prior to fMRI scanning. During scanning they listened to (1) familiar sentences, (2) sentences including a novel sentence structure, and (3) sentences containing a novel word while visual context provided referential information. Learning-related decreases of brain activation over time were found in a mainly left-hemispheric network comprising classical frontal and temporal language areas as well as parietal and subcortical regions and were largely overlapping for novel words and the novel sentence structure in initial stages of learning. Differences occurred at later stages of learning during which content-specific activation patterns in prefrontal, parietal and temporal cortices emerged. The results are taken as evidence for a domain-general network supporting the initial stages of language learning which dynamically adapts as learners become proficient.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-06-232014-10-062014-10-30
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01209
PMID: 25400602
PMC: PMC4214356
Other: eCollection 2014
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 Sequence Number: 1209 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: /journals/resource/1664-1078