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  Electron heat transport in ASDEX Upgrade: experiment and modelling

Ryter, F., Tardini, G., De Luca, F., Fahrbach, H.-U., Imbeaux, F., Jacchia, A., et al. (2003). Electron heat transport in ASDEX Upgrade: experiment and modelling. Nuclear Fusion, 43(11), 1396-1404.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3D0D-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3D0E-B
Genre: Journal Article

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Ryter, F.1, Author              
Tardini, G.2, Author              
De Luca, F.3, Author
Fahrbach, H.-U.2, Author              
Imbeaux, F.3, Author
Jacchia, A.3, Author
Kirov, K. K.4, 5, Author              
Leuterer, F.6, Author              
Mantica, P.3, Author
Peeters, A. G.7, Author              
Pereverzev, G.8, Author              
Suttrop, W.5, Author              
ASDEX Upgrade Team9, Author
Affiliations:
1Tokamak Edge and Divertor Physics (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856308              
2Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856295              
3INFM and Dipartemento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy; Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Association Euratom—CEA, CEA Cadarache, F-13108 St Paul lez Durance, Cedex, France; Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, I-20133 Milano, Italy, ou_persistent22              
4Tokamak: Edge and Divertor Physics (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856308              
5Experimental Plasma Physics 2 (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856292              
6Technology (TE), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856318              
7Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society
8Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1856309              
9Max Planck Society, ou_persistent13              

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 Abstract: The electron heat transport is investigated in ASDEX Upgrade using electron cyclotron heating (ECH) combining steady-state and power modulation schemes. Experiments in which the electron heat flux has been varied in the confinement region while the edge was kept constant were performed. They demonstrate that Te and Te/Te can be varied by a factor of 3 and 2, respectively. They allow a detailed determination of the transport characteristics by comparing steady-state and modulation data with modelling. The analyses clearly show the existence of a threshold ( Te/Te)crit above which transport increases. Both steady-state and modulation experiments agree with such a transport model. The experiments have been carried out at low density in the L-mode to ensure low electron–ion coupling and good conditions for studying electron heat transport. The experiments were carried out at two different values of plasma current and show that transport increases at low current, as well-known from global scaling laws for confinement time. In the pure off-axis cases the region inside the ECH deposition is just at the ( Te/Te)crit threshold, which allows it to be measured directly from the profile of Te/Te deduced from the experimental Te profile. Using this technique, it appears that the turbulence threshold agrees with that expected from the trapped electron mode driven turbulence. It has the correct absolute value and seems to have the correct radial dependence that is determined by the trapped electron fraction and by the density gradient. It almost does not vary with other plasma parameters. In contrast, the threshold calculated for electron temperature gradient modes is higher than the experimental values of Te/Te and this turbulence is therefore not expected to be excited under these experimental conditions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2003
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 60453
 Degree: -

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Title: Nuclear Fusion
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 43 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1396 - 1404 Identifier: ISSN: 0029-5515