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  Age- and gender-specific norms for the German version of the Three-Factor Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ)

Löffler, A., Luck, T., Then, F., Luppa, M., Sikorski, C., Kovacs, P., et al. (2015). Age- and gender-specific norms for the German version of the Three-Factor Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ). Appetite, 91, 241-247. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.044.

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Löffler, Antje1, 2, Author
Luck, Tobias1, 2, Author
Then, Franziska1, 2, Author
Luppa, Melanie1, Author
Sikorski, Claudia1, 3, Author
Kovacs, Peter3, Author
Tönjes, Anke3, Author
Breitfeld, Jana3, Author
Horstmann, Annette4, Author           
Löffler, Marcus5, Author
Engel, Christoph5, Author
Thiery, Joachim6, Author
Stumvoll, Michael3, Author
Riedel-Heller, Steffi1, Author
1Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), University Hospital Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634549              
5Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (IMISE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics (ILM), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              


Free keywords: Normative data; Eating behaviour; Eating disorders; Cognitive restraint; Disinhibition; Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire
 Abstract: The 'Fragebogen zum Essverhalten' (FEV) is the German version of the Three-factor-Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ). This questionnaire covers three domains of eating behaviour ('cognitive restraint', 'disinhibition' and 'hunger') as well as common problems (e.g. craving for sweets). So far, there is a lack of normative data of the FEV especially for the middle-aged and older population. Aim of this study therefore was to provide age- and gender-specific norms of the FEV for the general population aged 40-79 years. We studied 3,144 participants of the ongoing large community-based Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE) Health Care Study. We provided age- (four age groups: 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70-79 years) and gender-specific percentile ranks and T-scores for the three domains of the FEV as well as age- and gender-specific frequencies of the common problems in eating behaviour. Females scored significantly higher than males in all three domains of the FEV (p<0.001). Older individuals showed significantly higher mean scores than the younger ones in the domain of cognitive restraint, but lower mean scores in disinhibition and hunger (p<0.001). 45.1% of the males and 69.9% of the females reported specific problems in eating. The main problem in both genders was craving for sweets (38.6%). Eating in response to stress was mostly reported in younger individuals. The present study offers current normative data for the FEV in the middle-aged and older general population that can be applied in clinical and non-clinical settings. Information on eating behaviour can be helpful in understanding body weight modulation, and thus, may help to improve interventive and preventive programs for overweight, obesity, and eating disorders.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-06-022015-04-082015-04-152015-08-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.044
PMID: 25889877
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -



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Source 1

Title: Appetite
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 91 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 241 - 247 Identifier: ISSN: 0195-6663
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922648093