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  Looking at faces from different angles: Europeans fixate different features in Asian and Caucasian faces

Brielmann, A., Bülthoff, I., & Armann, R. (2014). Looking at faces from different angles: Europeans fixate different features in Asian and Caucasian faces. Vision Research, 100, 105-112. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2014.04.011.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-7FFF-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-29C8-0
Genre: Journal Article

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Brielmann, Aenne1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, I1, 2, Author              
Armann, R1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Race categorization of faces is a fast and automatic process and is known to affect further face processing profoundly and at earliest stages. Whether processing of own- and other-race faces might rely on different facial cues, as indicated by diverging viewing behavior, is much under debate. We therefore aimed to investigate two open questions in our study: 1) Do observers consider information from distinct facial features informative for race categorization or do they prefer to gain global face information by fixating the geometrical center of the face? 2) Does the fixation pattern, or, if facial features are considered relevant, do these features differ between own- and other-race faces? We used eye tracking to test where European observers look when viewing Asian and Caucasian faces in a race categorization task. Importantly, in order to disentangle centrally located fixations from those towards individual facial features, we presented faces in frontal, half-profile and profile views. We found that observers showed no general bias towards looking at the geometrical center of faces, but rather directed their first fixations towards distinct facial features, regardless of face race. However, participants looked at the eyes more often in Caucasian faces than in Asian faces, and there were significantly more fixations to the nose for Asian compared to Caucasian faces. Thus, observers rely on information from distinct facial features rather than facial information gained by centrally fixating the face. To what extent specific features are looked at is determined by the facersquo;s race.

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 Dates: 2014-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.04.011
BibTex Citekey: BrielmannBA2014
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Title: Vision Research
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 100 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 105 - 112 Identifier: -