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  Unilateral electrical stimulation of rat locus coeruleus elicits bilateral response of norepinephrine neurons and sustained activation of medial prefrontal cortex

Marzo, A., Totah, N. K., Neves, R., Logothetis, N., & Eschenko, O. (2014). Unilateral electrical stimulation of rat locus coeruleus elicits bilateral response of norepinephrine neurons and sustained activation of medial prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 111(12), 2570-2588. doi:10.1152/jn.00920.2013.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-801B-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-2A14-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Marzo, A1, 2, Author              
Totah, Nelson K1, 2, Author              
Neves, RM1, 2, Author              
Logothetis, NK1, 2, Author              
Eschenko, O1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: The brain stem nucleus Locus Coeruleus (LC) is thought to modulate cortical excitability by norepinephrine (NE) release in LC forebrain targets. The effects of LC burst discharge, typically evoked by a strong excitatory input, on cortical ongoing activity are poorly understood. To address this question, we combined direct electrical stimulation of LC (LC-DES) with extracellular recording in LC and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important cortical target of LC. LC-DES consisting of both, single pulses (0.1 - 0.5 ms, 0.01 - 0.05 mA) or pulse trains (20 - 50 Hz, 50 - 200 ms), evoked short-latency excitatory and inhibitory LC responses bilaterally, as well as a delayed rebound excitation occurring ěrb=~=100 ms after stimulation offset. The pulse trains, but not single pulses, reliably elicited mPFC activity change, which was proportional to the stimulation strength. The firing rate of ěrb=~=50% of mPFC units was significantly modulated by the strongest LC-DES. Responses of mPFC putative pyramidal neurons included fast (ěrb=~=100 ms), transient (ěrb=~=100 - 200 ms) inhibition (10% of units) or excitation (13%), and delayed (ěrb=~=500 ms), sustained (ěrb=~=1 s) excitation (26%). The sustained spiking resembled NE-dependent mPFC activity during the delay period of working memory tasks. Concurrently, the low-frequency (0.1-8 Hz) power of the local field potential (LFP) decreased and high-frequency (> 20 Hz) power increased. Overall, the DES-induced LC firing pattern resembled the naturalistic biphasic response of LC-NE neurons to alerting stimuli and was associated with a shift in cortical state that may optimize processing of behaviorally-relevant events.

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 Dates: 2014-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1152/jn.00920.2013
BibTex Citekey: MarzoTLE2014
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Title: Journal of Neurophysiology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 111 (12) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2570 - 2588 Identifier: -