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  Twist-bend nematic phase of the liquid crystal dimer CB7CB: orientational order and conical angle determined by 129Xe and 2H NMR spectroscopy

Jokisaari, J. P., Luckhurst, G. R., Timimi, B. A., Zhu, J., & Zimmermann, H. (2015). Twist-bend nematic phase of the liquid crystal dimer CB7CB: orientational order and conical angle determined by 129Xe and 2H NMR spectroscopy. Liquid Crystals, 42(5-6), 708-721. doi:10.1080/02678292.2015.1037576.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-BDD3-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-2A1E-F
Genre: Journal Article

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LiqCryst_epub_2015_576.pdf (Any fulltext), 445KB
 
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Jokisaari, Jukka P., Author
Luckhurst, Geoffrey R., Author
Timimi, Bakir A., Author
Zhu, Jianfeng, Author
Zimmermann, Herbert1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1497700              

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Free keywords: twist-bend nematic phase, liquid crystal dimer, CB7CB, orientational order, conical angle, NMR, 129Xe, 2H, prochiral
 Abstract: The liquid crystal dimer 1ʺ,7ʺ-bis(4-cyanobiphenyl-4ʹ-yl) heptane (CB7CB) has been shown to possess a nematic–nematic phase transition at 376 K. The phase below this temperature has been identified as a globally uniaxial twist-bend nematic phase, NTB. Within the temperature range 376–388 K, a classic uniaxial nematic phase, N, appears. The NTB phase has a helical structure and the liquid crystal director, n, is tilted with respect to the helix axis; these are formed into a conglomerate of degenerate domains having opposite handedness. In a magnetic field, the helix axis orients along the field. In the present studies, the properties of CB7CB are investigated using 129Xe NMR spectroscopy of dissolved xenon and 2H NMR of CB7CB-d4 and the probe 4-octyl-4ʹ-cyanobiphenyl-d2 also dissolved in CB7CB. In a uniaxial liquid crystalline environment, the 129Xe shielding tensor is cylindrically symmetric due to the deformation of the electron cloud by anisotropic forces associated with the director. The anisotropic part of the shielding tensor depends upon the orientational order parameter of the liquid crystal with respect to the applied magnetic field and the conical (aka tilt) angle of the director. The temperature dependence of the orientational order parameter and of the conical angle has been determined independently from 129Xe and previous 2H NMR experiments. In the NTB phase, the averaged Saupe ordering matrix contains three off-diagonal elements. The temperature dependence of one of these, resulting from the phase chirality, has been determined from the 2H quadrupolar splittings

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-03-212015-06-262015-05-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: 8087
DOI: 10.1080/02678292.2015.1037576
 Degree: -

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Title: Liquid Crystals
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Taylor & Francis
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 42 (5-6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 708 - 721 Identifier: ISSN: 0267-8292
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925268301