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  Eyes only? Perceiving eye contact is neither sufficient nor necessary for attentional capture by face direction

Böckler, A., van der Wel, R. P., & Welsh, T. N. (2015). Eyes only? Perceiving eye contact is neither sufficient nor necessary for attentional capture by face direction. Acta Psychologica, 160, 134-140. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2015.07.009.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-F3AC-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7976-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Böckler, Anne1, Author              
van der Wel, R. P. 2, Author
Welsh, T. N.3, 4, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, ou_persistent22              
3Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Toronto, ON, Canada, ou_persistent22              
4Centre for Motor Control, University of Toronto, ON, Canada, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Social cognition; Direct gaze; Social cues; Attention capture
 Abstract: Direct eye contact and motion onset both constitute powerful cues that capture attention. Recent research suggests that (social) gaze and (non-social) motion onset influence information processing in parallel, even when combined as sudden onset direct gaze cues (i.e., faces suddenly establishing eye contact). The present study investigated the role of eye visibility for attention capture by these sudden onset face cues. To this end, face direction was manipulated (away or towards onlooker) while faces had closed eyes (eliminating visibility of eyes, Experiment 1), wore sunglasses (eliminating visible eyes, but allowing for the expectation of eyes to be open, Experiment 2), and were inverted with visible eyes (disrupting the integration of eyes and faces, Experiment 3). Participants classified targets appearing on one of four faces. Initially, two faces were oriented towards participants and two faces were oriented away from participants. Simultaneous to target presentation, one averted face became directed and one directed face became averted. Attention capture by face direction (i.e., facilitation for faces directed towards participants) was absent when eyes were closed, but present when faces wore sunglasses. Sudden onset direct faces can, hence, induce attentional capture, even when lacking eye cues. Inverted faces, by contrast, did not elicit attentional capture. Thus, when eyes cannot be integrated into a holistic face representation they are not sufficient to capture attention. Overall, the results suggest that visibility of eyes is neither necessary nor sufficient for the sudden direct face effect.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-12-162015-07-202015-07-312015-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2015.07.009
PMID: 26245915
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -

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Title: Acta Psychologica
  Other : Acta Psychol.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 160 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 134 - 140 Identifier: ISSN: 0001-6918
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925374822