Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse


  Heat flux enhancement by regular surface roughness in turbulent thermal convection

Wagner, S., & Shishkina, O. (2014). Heat flux enhancement by regular surface roughness in turbulent thermal convection. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 763, 109-135. doi:10.1017/jfm.2014.665.

Item is


show Files




Wagner, Sebastian1, Author           
Shishkina, Olga1, Author           
1Laboratory for Fluid Dynamics, Pattern Formation and Biocomplexity, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063287              


Free keywords: Bénard convection; convection in cavities; turbulent convection
 Abstract: Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of turbulent thermal convection in a box-shaped domain with regular surface roughness at the heated bottom and cooled top surfaces are conducted for Prandtl number Pr=0.786 and Rayleigh numbers Ra between 106 and 108. The surface roughness is introduced by four parallelepiped equidistantly distributed obstacles attached to the bottom plate, and four obstacles located symmetrically at the top plate. By varying Ra and the height and width of the obstacles, we investigate the influence of the regular wall roughness on the turbulent heat transport, measured by the Nusselt number Nu. For fixed Ra, the change in the value of Nu is determined not only by the covering area of the surface, i.e. the obstacle height, but also by the distance between the obstacles. The heat flux enhancement is found to be largest for wide cavities between the obstacles which can be ‘washed out’ by the flow. This is also manifested in an empirical relation, which is based on the DNS data. We further discuss theoretical limiting cases for very wide and very narrow obstacles and combine them into a simple model for the heat flux enhancement due to the wall roughness, without introducing any free parameters. This model predicts well the general trends and the order of magnitude of the heat flux enhancement obtained in the DNS. In the Nu versus Ra scaling, the obstacles work in two ways: for smaller Ra an increase of the scaling exponent compared to the smooth case is found, which is connected to the heat flux entering the cavities from below. For larger Ra the scaling exponent saturates to the one for smooth plates, which can be understood as a full washing-out of the cavities. The latter is also investigated by considering the strength of the mean secondary flow in the cavities and its relation to the wind (i.e. the large-scale circulation), that develops in the core part of the domain. Generally, an increase in the roughness height leads to stronger flows both in the cavities and in the bulk region, while an increase in the width of the obstacles strengthens only the large-scale circulation of the fluid and weakens the secondary flows. An increase of the Rayleigh number always leads to stronger flows, both in the cavities and in the bulk.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-12-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 702241
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2014.665
 Degree: -



Legal Case


Project information


Source 1

Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  Alternative Title : J. Fluid Mech.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 763 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 109 - 135 Identifier: -