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  The Nature and Perception of Fluctuations in Human Musical Rhythms

Hennig, H., Ragnar Fleischmann, R., Fredebohm, A., Hagmayer, Y., Nagler, J., Witt, A., et al. (2011). The Nature and Perception of Fluctuations in Human Musical Rhythms. PLoS ONE, 6: e26457. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026457.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-1155-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-1156-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Hennig, Holger1, Author              
Ragnar Fleischmann, Ragnar1, Author              
Fredebohm, Anneke, Author
Hagmayer, York, Author
Nagler, Jan1, Author              
Witt, Annette1, Author              
Theis, Fabian1, Author              
Geisel, Theo1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Nonlinear Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063286              

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 Abstract: Although human musical performances represent one of the most valuable achievements of mankind, the best musicians perform imperfectly. Musical rhythms are not entirely accurate and thus inevitably deviate from the ideal beat pattern. Nevertheless, computer generated perfect beat patterns are frequently devalued by listeners due to a perceived lack of human touch. Professional audio editing software therefore offers a humanizing feature which artificially generates rhythmic fluctuations. However, the built-in humanizing units are essentially random number generators producing only simple uncorrelated fluctuations. Here, for the first time, we establish long-range fluctuations as an inevitable natural companion of both simple and complex human rhythmic performances. Moreover, we demonstrate that listeners strongly prefer long-range correlated fluctuations in musical rhythms. Thus, the favorable fluctuation type for humanizing interbeat intervals coincides with the one generically inherent in human musical performances.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-10-26
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 576060
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026457
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Title: PLoS ONE
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 6 Sequence Number: e26457 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -