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  Personality disorder and chronicity of addiction as independent outcome predictors in alcoholism treatment

Krampe, H., Wagner, T., Stawicki, S., Bartels, C., Aust, C., Kroener-Herwig, B., et al. (2006). Personality disorder and chronicity of addiction as independent outcome predictors in alcoholism treatment. Psychiatric Services, 57(5), 708-712. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.57.5.708.

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 Creators:
Krampe, Henning1, Author              
Wagner, Thilo1, Author              
Stawicki, Sabina1, Author              
Bartels, Claudia1, Author              
Aust, Carlotta1, Author              
Kroener-Herwig, Birgit, Author
Kuefner, Heinrich, Author
Ehrenreich, Hannelore1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Clinical neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Max Planck Society, ou_2173651              

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 Abstract: Objective: A prospective four-year study examined which components of addiction severity predicted time to relapse among 112 adults with chronic alcoholism who participated in a comprehensive outpatient treatment program. Methods: Recruited from emergency, inpatient, and outpatient facilities, patients were admitted into the program consecutively between March 1998 and June 2002. Alcohol abstinence was carefully monitored for four years from admission by regular contacts and urine and blood analyses. Alcoholism characteristics and personality disorders were assessed with structured interviews and the International Diagnostic Checklists for Personality Disorders. Results: Among a variety of potential variables, only presence of a personality disorder and chronicity of addiction were independently associated with a decrease of cumulative four-year abstinence probability. Conclusions: Their high predictive values suggest that chronicity and personality disorder rank among the most important characteristics of addiction severity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 292187
ISI: 000237301500019
ISI: 000237301500019
DOI: 10.1176/appi.ps.57.5.708
 Degree: -

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Title: Psychiatric Services
  Alternative Title : Psychiatric Services
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 57 (5) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 708 - 712 Identifier: ISSN: 1075-2730