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  Brain structural correlates of complex sentence comprehension in children

Fengler, A., Meyer, L., & Friederici, A. D. (2015). Brain structural correlates of complex sentence comprehension in children. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 15, 48-57. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.09.004.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-64A3-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-AB94-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fengler, Anja1, Author              
Meyer, Lars1, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              

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Free keywords: Sentence comprehension; VBM; Brain development; Language-relevant brain areas; Verbal working memory
 Abstract: Prior structural imaging studies found initial evidence for the link between structural gray matter changes and the development of language performance in children. However, previous studies generally only focused on sentence comprehension. Therefore, little is known about the relationship between structural properties of brain regions relevant to sentence processing and more specific cognitive abilities underlying complex sentence comprehension. In this study, whole-brain magnetic resonance images from 59 children between 5 and 8 years were assessed. Scores on a standardized sentence comprehension test determined grammatical proficiency of our participants. A confirmatory factory analysis corroborated a grammar-relevant and a verbal working memory-relevant factor underlying the measured performance. Voxel-based morphometry of gray matter revealed that while children's ability to assign thematic roles is positively correlated with gray matter probability (GMP) in the left inferior temporal gyrus and the left inferior frontal gyrus, verbal working memory-related performance is positively correlated with GMP in the left parietal operculum extending into the posterior superior temporal gyrus. Since these areas are known to be differentially engaged in adults’ complex sentence processing, our data suggest a specific correspondence between children's GMP in language-relevant brain regions and differential cognitive abilities that guide their sentence comprehension.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-02-052015-09-152015-09-252015-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.09.004
PMID: 26468613
PMC: PMC4710708
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -

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Project name : Neural basis of syntax in the developing brain / NEUROSYNTAX
Grant ID : 269505
Funding program : Funding Programme 7
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 48 - 57 Identifier: ISSN: 1878-9293
CoNE: /journals/resource/1878-9293