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  Mitochondrial DNA from El Mirador Cave (Atapuerca, Spain) Reveals the Heterogeneity of Chalcolithic Populations

Gómez-Sánchez, D., Olalde, I., Pierini, F., Matas-Lalueza, L., Gigli, E., Lari, M., et al. (2014). Mitochondrial DNA from El Mirador Cave (Atapuerca, Spain) Reveals the Heterogeneity of Chalcolithic Populations. PLoS One, 9(8): e105105. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105105.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-5039-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-4CA0-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Gomez-Sanchez_et_al_2014.pdf (Publisher version), 912KB
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 Creators:
Gómez-Sánchez, Daniel, Author
Olalde, Iñigo, Author
Pierini, Federica1, Author              
Matas-Lalueza, Laura, Author
Gigli, Elena, Author
Lari, Martina, Author
Civit, Sergi, Author
Lozano, Marina, Author
Vergès, Josep Maria, Author
Caramelli, David, Author
Ramírez, Oscar, Author
Lalueza-Fox, Carles, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Haplogroups; Mitochondrial DNA; Paleogenetics; Principal component analysis; Archaeology; Population genetics; Polymerase chain reaction; Haplotypes
 Abstract: Previous mitochondrial DNA analyses on ancient European remains have suggested that the current distribution of haplogroup H was modeled by the expansion of the Bell Beaker culture (ca 4,500–4,050 years BP) out of Iberia during the Chalcolithic period. However, little is known on the genetic composition of contemporaneous Iberian populations that do not carry the archaeological tool kit defining this culture. Here we have retrieved mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences from 19 individuals from a Chalcolithic sample from El Mirador cave in Spain, dated to 4,760–4,200 years BP and we have analyzed the haplogroup composition in the context of modern and ancient populations. Regarding extant African, Asian and European populations, El Mirador shows affinities with Near Eastern groups. In different analyses with other ancient samples, El Mirador clusters with Middle and Late Neolithic populations from Germany, belonging to the Rössen, the Salzmünde and the Baalberge archaeological cultures but not with contemporaneous Bell Beakers. Our analyses support the existence of a common genetic signal between Western and Central Europe during the Middle and Late Neolithic and points to a heterogeneous genetic landscape among Chalcolithic groups.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-03-142014-07-182014-08-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105105
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Project name : Spanish Government Grant
Grant ID : BFU2012-34157
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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: 8 S. Volume / Issue: 9 (8) Sequence Number: e105105 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: /journals/resource/1000000000277850