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  Enhancement of Stability and Activity of MnOx/Au Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Evolution through Adequate Electrolyte Composition

Gao, Q., Ranjan, C., Pavlovic, Z., Blume, R., & Schlögl, R. (2015). Enhancement of Stability and Activity of MnOx/Au Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Evolution through Adequate Electrolyte Composition. ACS Catalysis, 5(12), 7265-7275. doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b01632.

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 Creators:
Gao, Qiang1, Author
Ranjan, Chinmoy, Author
Pavlovic, Zoran1, Author
Blume, Raoul2, Author           
Schlögl, Robert, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Stiftstrasse 34-36, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society, ou_24023              

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 Abstract: Oxygen evolution and catalyst corrosion were studied side by side for electrodeposited MnOx catalysts. Measurements using a combination of electrochemical flow cell, atomic absorption spectroscopy, and rotating ring disk electrode reveal a high sensitivity of oxygen evolution and of manganese oxide corrosion toward the presence of ions (alkali-metal cations and anions) in the electrolyte. The charge to radius ratio of alkali-metal ions affected the reactivity of the oxides and was seen to influence the reaction under both potentiostatic and potentiodynamic conditions, with Li+- and (K+,Cs+)-containing electrolytes showing the lowest and highest activities, respectively. Thermogravimetry in combination with mass spectrometry showed significant differences between samples treated in different electrolytes. Raman spectroscopy showed that the material transformed during the oxygen evolution reaction, with multiple phases α-MnO2 and birnessite-MnO2 being present in the catalyst during oxygen evolution reaction. Electronic structure (XANES) studies revealed the significant influence of alkali-metal ions on the oxidation state of Mn, with the OER-inactive Mn2+ oxidation state being stabilized with the Li+ ion. It was found that selected combinations of anions and cations in the electrolyte and suitable potential can significantly stabilize the electrode during OER application.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-07-292015-10-232015-10-272015-12-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.5b01632
 Degree: -

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Title: ACS Catalysis
  Abbreviation : ACS Catal.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : ACS
Pages: 11 Volume / Issue: 5 (12) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 7265 - 7275 Identifier: Other: 2155-5435
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2155-5435