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  Person-centred positive emotions, object-centred negative emotions: 2-year-olds generalize negative but not positive emotions across individuals

Vaish, A., Grossmann, T., & Woodward, A. (2015). Person-centred positive emotions, object-centred negative emotions: 2-year-olds generalize negative but not positive emotions across individuals. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33(3), 391-397. doi:10.1111/bjdp.12093.

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 Creators:
Vaish, Amrisha1, 2, Author
Grossmann, Tobias1, 3, Author              
Woodward, Amanda4, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Max Planck Research Group Early Social Development, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1356545              
4University of Chicago, IL, USA, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Emotion understanding; Social referencing; Desire understanding; Negativity bias
 Abstract: Prior work suggests that young children do not generalize others' preferences to new individuals. We hypothesized (following Vaish et al., 2008, Psychol. Bull., 134, 383–403) that this may only hold for positive emotions, which inform the child about the person's attitude towards the object but not about the positivity of the object itself. It may not hold for negative emotions, which additionally inform the child about the negativity of the object itself. Two-year-old children saw one individual (the emoter) emoting positively or negatively towards one and neutrally towards a second novel object. When a second individual then requested an object, children generalized the emoter's negative but not her positive emotion to the second individual. Children thus draw different inferences from others' positive versus negative emotions: Whereas they view others' positive emotions as person centred, they may view others' negative emotions as object centred and thus generalizable across people. The results are discussed with relation to the functions and implications of the negativity bias.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-05-192015-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12093
PMID: 25989097
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -

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Title: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Leicester [Leicestershire] : British Psychological Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 33 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 391 - 397 Identifier: ISSN: 0261-510X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925267284_1