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  Phi29 Connector-DNA interactions govern DNA crunching and rotation, supporting the check-valve model.

Kumar, R., & Grubmüller, H. (2016). Phi29 Connector-DNA interactions govern DNA crunching and rotation, supporting the check-valve model. Biophysical Journal, 110(2), 455-469. doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2015.12.010.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-76E2-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-DDA7-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Kumar, R.1, Author              
Grubmüller, H.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Theoretical and Computational Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578631              

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 Abstract: During replication of the phi 29 bacteriophage inside a bacterial host cell, a DNA packaging motor transports the viral DNA into the procapsid against a pressure difference of up to 40 +/- 20 atm. Several models have been proposed for the underlying molecular mechanism. Here we have used molecular dynamics simulations to examine the role of the connector part of the motor, and specifically the one-way revolution and the push-roll model. We have focused at the structure and intermolecular interactions between the DNA and the connector, for which a near-complete structure is available. The connector is found to induce considerable DNA deformations with respect to its canonical B-form. We further assessed by force-probe simulations to which extent the connector is able to prevent DNA leakage and found that the connector can act as a partial one-way valve by a check-valve mechanism via its mobile loops. Analysis of the geometry, flexibility, and energetics of channel lysine residues suggested that this arrangement of residues is incompatible with the observed DNA packaging step-size of similar to 2.5 bp, such that the step-size is probably determined by the other components of the motor. Previously proposed DNA revolution and rolling motions inside the connector channel are both found implausible due to structural entanglement between the DNA and connector loops that have not been resolved in the crystal structure. Rather, in the simulations, the connector facilitates minor DNA rotation during the packaging process compatible with recent optical-tweezers experiments. Combined with the available experimental data, our simulation results suggest that the connector acts as a check-valve that prevents DNA leakage and induces DNA compression and rotation during DNA packaging.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-01-19
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2015.12.010
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Title: Biophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 110 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 455 - 469 Identifier: -