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  Advanced Parkinson disease patients have impairment in prosody processing

Albuquerque, L., Martins, M., Coelho, M., Guedes, L., Ferreira, J. J., Rosa, M., et al. (2016). Advanced Parkinson disease patients have impairment in prosody processing. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 38(2), 208-216. doi:10.1080/13803395.2015.1100279.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-7962-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1B97-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Albuquerque, Luisa1, 2, 3, 4, Author
Martins, Mauricio1, 2, 5, 6, Author              
Coelho, Miguel4, 7, Author
Guedes, Leonor4, 7, Author
Ferreira, Joaquim J.7, Author
Rosa, Mário7, Author
Martins, Isabel Pavão1, 2, 3, 4, Author
Affiliations:
1Language Research Laboratory, University of Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              
2Institute for Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              
5Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
7Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Parkinson disease; Emotion recognition; Prosody processing; Emotion prosody; Motor complications
 Abstract: Background: The ability to recognize and interpret emotions in others is a crucial prerequisite of adequate social behavior. Impairments in emotion processing have been reported from the early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD). This study aims to characterize emotion recognition in advanced Parkinson’s disease (APD) candidates for deep-brain stimulation and to compare emotion recognition abilities in visual and auditory domains. Method: APD patients, defined as those with levodopa-induced motor complications (N = 42), and healthy controls (N = 43) matched by gender, age, and educational level, undertook the Comprehensive Affect Testing System (CATS), a battery that evaluates recognition of seven basic emotions (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, disgust, and neutral) on facial expressions and four emotions on prosody (happiness, sadness, anger, and fear). APD patients were assessed during the “ON” state. Group performance was compared with independent-samples t tests. Results: Compared to controls, APD had significantly lower scores on the discrimination and naming of emotions in prosody, and visual discrimination of neutral faces, but no significant differences in visual emotional tasks. Conclusion: The contrasting performance in emotional processing between visual and auditory stimuli suggests that APD candidates for surgery have either a selective difficulty in recognizing emotions in prosody or a general defect in prosody processing. Studies investigating early-stage PD, and the effect of subcortical lesions in prosody processing, favor the latter interpretation. Further research is needed to understand these deficits in emotional prosody recognition and their possible contribution to later behavioral or neuropsychiatric manifestations of PD.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-03-252015-09-212015-11-232016-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/13803395.2015.1100279
PMID: 26595435
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
  Other : J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 38 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 208 - 216 Identifier: ISSN: 1380-3395
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927621088