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  The shaping of social perception by stimulus and knowledge cues to human animacy

Cross, E. S., Ramsey, R., Liepelt, R., Prinz, W., & Hamilton, A. F. d. C. (2016). The shaping of social perception by stimulus and knowledge cues to human animacy. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 371(1686): 20150075. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0075.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-7997-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1E60-0
Genre: Journal Article

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Cross_Ramsey_2015.pdf (Publisher version), 955KB
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 Creators:
Cross, Emily S.1, 2, Author              
Ramsey, Richard1, Author
Liepelt, Roman3, Author              
Prinz, Wolfgang4, Author              
Hamilton, Antonia F. de C.5, Author
Affiliations:
1School of Psychology, Wales Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Bangor University, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Social and Cultural Psychology, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Psychology, Münster University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              
5Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Social cognition; Social robotics; Animacy; fMRI; Action observation network; Mentalizing
 Abstract: Although robots are becoming an ever-growing presence in society, we do not hold the same expectations for robots as we do for humans, nor do we treat them the same. As such, the ability to recognize cues to human animacy is fundamental for guiding social interactions. We review literature that demonstrates cortical networks associated with person perception, action observation and mentalizing are sensitive to human animacy information. In addition, we show that most prior research has explored stimulus properties of artificial agents (humanness of appearance or motion), with less investigation into knowledge cues (whether an agent is believed to have human or artificial origins). Therefore, currently little is known about the relationship between stimulus and knowledge cues to human animacy in terms of cognitive and brain mechanisms. Using fMRI, an elaborate belief manipulation, and human and robot avatars, we found that knowledge cues to human animacy modulate engagement of person perception and mentalizing networks, while stimulus cues to human animacy had less impact on social brain networks. These findings demonstrate that self–other similarities are not only grounded in physical features but are also shaped by prior knowledge. More broadly, as artificial agents fulfil increasingly social roles, a challenge for roboticists will be to manage the impact of pre-conceived beliefs while optimizing human-like design.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-10-272015-12-072016-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0075
PMID: 26644594
PMC: PMC4685521
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Title: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Royal Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 371 (1686) Sequence Number: 20150075 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0962-8436
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/963017382021_1