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  The structure of human prosociality: Differentiating altruistically motivated, norm motivated, strategically motivated and self-reported prosocial behavior

Böckler, A., Tusche, A., & Singer, T. (2016). The structure of human prosociality: Differentiating altruistically motivated, norm motivated, strategically motivated and self-reported prosocial behavior. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(6), 530-541. doi:10.1177/1948550616639650.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-7AFE-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-D0A8-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Böckler, Anne1, 2, Author              
Tusche, Anita1, 3, Author              
Singer, Tania1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Altruism; Prosocial behavior; Social decision-making; Interindividual differences; Economic games; Factor analysis
 Abstract: Prosocial behavior is crucial for functioning societies. However, its reliable scientific assessment and the understanding of its underlying structure are still a challenge. We integrated 14 paradigms from diverse disciplines to identify reliable and method-independent subcomponents of human prosociality; 329 participants performed game theoretical paradigms and hypothetical distribution tasks commonly used in behavioral economics and completed interactive computer tasks and self-reports typically employed in psychology. Four subcomponents of prosociality were identified by exploratory factor analysis and verified by confirmatory factor analysis in an independent sample: altruistically motivated prosocial behavior, norm motivated prosocial behavior, strategically motivated prosocial behavior, and self-reported prosocial behavior. Altruistically motivated behavior was related to gender, to enhanced cognitive skills, and to reduced negative affect. Our study provides a crucial step toward an overarching framework on prosocial behavior that will benefit future research on predictors, neural underpinnings, and plasticity of human cooperation and prosociality.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20162016-04-052016-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1177/1948550616639650
 Degree: -

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Title: Social Psychological and Personality Science
  Abbreviation : Soc Psychol Personal Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 530 - 541 Identifier: ISSN: 1948-5506
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1948-5506