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  Sensorimotor synchronization with tempo-changing auditory sequences: Modeling temporal adaptation and anticipation

van der Steen, M. C., Jacoby, N., Fairhurst, M. T., & Keller, P. E. (2015). Sensorimotor synchronization with tempo-changing auditory sequences: Modeling temporal adaptation and anticipation. Brain Research, 1626, 66-87. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.053.

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van der Steen, M. C.1, Author              
Jacoby, Nori2, 3, Author
Fairhurst, Merle T.1, Author              
Keller, Peter E.1, 4, Author              
1Max Planck Research Group Music Cognition and Action, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634555              
2Edmond & Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Music, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel, ou_persistent22              
4The MARCS Institute, University of Western Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              


Free keywords: Sensorimotor synchronization; Temporal adaptation; Error correction; Temporal anticipation; Predictive internal models; Computational model
 Abstract: The current study investigated the human ability to synchronize movements with event sequences containing continuous tempo changes. This capacity is evident, for example, in ensemble musicians who maintain precise interpersonal coordination while modulating the performance tempo for expressive purposes. Here we tested an ADaptation and Anticipation Model (ADAM) that was developed to account for such behavior by combining error correction processes (adaptation) with a predictive temporal extrapolation process (anticipation). While previous computational models of synchronization incorporate error correction, they do not account for prediction during tempo-changing behavior. The fit between behavioral data and computer simulations based on four versions of ADAM was assessed. These versions included a model with adaptation only, one in which adaptation and anticipation act in combination (error correction is applied on the basis of predicted tempo changes), and two models in which adaptation and anticipation were linked in a joint module that corrects for predicted discrepancies between the outcomes of adaptive and anticipatory processes. The behavioral experiment required participants to tap their finger in time with three auditory pacing sequences containing tempo changes that differed in the rate of change and the number of turning points. Behavioral results indicated that sensorimotor synchronization accuracy and precision, while generally high, decreased with increases in the rate of tempo change and number of turning points. Simulations and model-based parameter estimates showed that adaptation mechanisms alone could not fully explain the observed precision of sensorimotor synchronization. Including anticipation in the model increased the precision of simulated sensorimotor synchronization and improved the fit of model to behavioral data, especially when adaptation and anticipation mechanisms were linked via a joint module based on the notion of joint internal models. Overall results suggest that adaptation and anticipation mechanisms both play an important role during sensorimotor synchronization with tempo-changing sequences.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-01-312015-02-252015-11-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.053
PMID: 25725379
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -



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Title: Brain Research
  Other : Brain Res.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1626 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 66 - 87 Identifier: ISSN: 0006-8993
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954926250616