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  Influence of gravity on a granular Maxwell's demon experiment

Isert, N., Maaß, C. C., & Aegerter, C. M. (2009). Influence of gravity on a granular Maxwell's demon experiment. The European Physical Journal E: Soft Matter and Biological Physics, 28(2), 205-210. doi:10.1140/epje/i2008-10403-7.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-B466-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-B467-0
Genre: Journal Article

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Isert, N., Author
Maaß, Corinna C.1, Author              
Aegerter, C. M., Author
Affiliations:
1Group Active soft matter, Department of Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063307              

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 Abstract: In the usual description of the granular Maxwell’s demon experiment, where phase separation occurs due to an instability in the densities, the control parameter scales linearly with gravity. In this paper we investigate this scaling experimentally using the properties of diamagnetic particles in strong magnetic-field gradients to reduce and even balance gravitation. We find that phase separation occurs even at vanishingly small gravitational accelerations as is predicted by other theories. This is due to the fact that granular samples tend to form clusters as a result of the inelasticity of the particle collisions. Combining the heat balance of the driven granular gas with the cooling rate and thus the appearance of clustering, we are able to describe the crossover between the limiting cases.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008-12-122009
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2008-10403-7
BibTex Citekey: isert_influence_2008
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Title: The European Physical Journal E: Soft Matter and Biological Physics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Les Ulis; Bologna; Heidelberg : EDP Sciences; Società Italiana di Fisica; Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 28 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 205 - 210 Identifier: ISSN: 1292-8941
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925624277_2