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  Children's altruistic behavior in context: The role of emotional responsiveness and culture

Rajhans, P., Altvater-Mackensen, N., Vaish, A., & Grossmann, T. (2016). Children's altruistic behavior in context: The role of emotional responsiveness and culture. Scientific Reports, 6: 24089. doi:10.1038/srep24089.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-D6D8-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1E40-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Rajhans_Altvater-Mackensen_2016.pdf (Publisher version), 332KB
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Rajhans, Purva1, Author              
Altvater-Mackensen, Nicole1, Author              
Vaish, Amrisha2, Author
Grossmann, Tobias1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Early Social Development, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1356545              
2Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Altruistic behavior in humans is thought to have deep biological roots. Nonetheless, there is also evidence for considerable variation in altruistic behaviors among individuals and across cultures. Variability in altruistic behavior in adults has recently been related to individual differences in emotional responsiveness to fear in others. The current study examined the relation between emotional responsiveness (using eye-tracking) and altruistic behavior (using the Dictator Game) in 4 to 5-year-old children (N = 96) across cultures (India and Germany). The results revealed that increased altruistic behavior was associated with a greater responsiveness to fear faces (faster fixation), but not happy faces, in both cultures. This suggests that altruistic behavior is linked to our responsiveness to others in distress across cultures. Additionally, only among Indian children greater altruistic behavior was associated with greater sensitivity to context when responding to fearful faces. These findings further our understanding of the origins of altruism in humans by highlighting the importance of emotional processes and cultural context in the development of altruism.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-10-092016-03-022016-05-03
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/srep24089
PMID: 27137754
PMC: PMC4853733
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 6 Sequence Number: 24089 Start / End Page: - Identifier: Other: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322