English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Metamers of the ventral stream revisited

Wallis, T., Bethge, M., & Wichmann, F. (2015). Metamers of the ventral stream revisited. Journal of Vision, 15(12), 554-554.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-44E5-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-E349-E
Genre: Meeting Abstract

Files

show Files

Locators

show
hide
Description:
-

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Wallis, T, Author
Bethge, M1, Author              
Wichmann, F, Author              
Affiliations:
1Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Institute for Theoretical Physics, ou_persistent22              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Peripheral vision has been characterised as a lossy representation: information present in the periphery is discarded to a greater degree than in the fovea. What information is lost and what is retained? Freeman and Simoncelli (2011) recently revived the concept of metamers (physically different stimuli that look the same) as a way to test this question. Metamerism is a useful criterion, but several details must be refined. First, their paper assessed metamerism using a task with a significant working memory component (ABX). We use a purely spatial discrimination task to probe perceptual encoding. Second, a strong test of any hypothesised representation is to what extent it is metameric for a real scene. Several subsequent studies have misunderstood this to be the result of the paper. Freeman and Simoncelli instead only compared synthetic stimuli to each other. Pairs of stimuli were synthesised from natural images such that they were physically different but equal under the model representation. The experiment then assessed the scaling factor (spatial pooling region as a function of retinal eccentricity) required to make these two synthesised images indiscriminable from one another, finding that these scaling factors approximated V2 receptive field sizes. We find that a smaller scale factor than V2 neurons is required to make the synthesised images metameric for natural scenes (which are also equal under the model). We further show that this varies over images and is modified by including the spatial context of the target patches. While this particular model therefore fails to capture some perceptually relevant information, we believe that testing specific models against the criteria that they should discard as much information as possible while remaining metameric is a useful way to understand perceptual representations psychophysically.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2015-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1167/15.12.554
BibTex Citekey: WallisBW2015
 Degree: -

Event

show
hide
Title: 15th Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2015)
Place of Event: St. Pete Beach, FL, USA
Start-/End Date: -

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Journal of Vision
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 (12) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 554 - 554 Identifier: -