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  Integration of Semi-Circular Canal and Otolith Cues for Direction Discrimination during Eccentric Rotations

Soyka, F., Bülthoff, H., & Barnett-Cowan, M. (2015). Integration of Semi-Circular Canal and Otolith Cues for Direction Discrimination during Eccentric Rotations. PLoS ONE, 10(8), 1-14. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136925.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-44EE-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-878E-7
Genre: Journal Article

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Soyka, F1, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, Author              
Barnett-Cowan, M1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              

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 Abstract: Humans are capable of moving about the world in complex ways. Every time we move, our self-motion must be detected and interpreted by the central nervous system in order to make appropriate sequential movements and informed decisions. The vestibular labyrinth consists of two unique sensory organs the semi-circular canals and the otoliths that are specialized to detect rotation and translation of the head, respectively. While thresholds for pure rotational and translational self-motion are well understood surprisingly little research has investigated the relative role of each organ on thresholds for more complex motion. Eccentric (off-center) rotations during which the participant faces away from the center of rotation stimulate both organs and are thus well suited for investigating integration of rotational and translational sensory information. Ten participants completed a psychophysical direction discrimination task for pure head-centered rotations, translations and eccentric rotations with 5 different radii. Discrimination thresholds for eccentric rotations reduced with increasing radii, indicating that additional tangential accelerations (which increase with radius length) increased sensitivity. Two competing models were used to predict the eccentric thresholds based on the pure rotation and translation thresholds: one assuming that information from the two organs is integrated in an optimal fashion and another assuming that motion discrimination is solved solely by relying on the sensor which is most strongly stimulated. Our findings clearly show that information from the two organs is integrated. However the measured thresholds for 3 of the 5 eccentric rotations are even more sensitive than predictions from the optimal integration model suggesting additional non-vestibular sources of information may be involved.

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 Dates: 2015-08
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136925
eDoc: e0136925
BibTex Citekey: SoykaBB2015
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Title: PLoS ONE
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 14 Identifier: -