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  Distributed functions of detection and discrimination of vibrotactile stimuli in the hierarchical human somatosensory system

Kim, J., Müller, K.-R., Chung, Y., Chung, S.-C., Park, J.-Y., Bülthoff, H., et al. (2015). Distributed functions of detection and discrimination of vibrotactile stimuli in the hierarchical human somatosensory system. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8: 1070, pp. 1-10. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.01070.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-478F-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-93CC-3
Genre: Journal Article

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Kim, J, Author              
Müller, K-R, Author              
Chung, YG, Author
Chung, S-C, Author
Park, J-Y, Author
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Kim, S-P, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: According to the hierarchical view of human somatosensory network, somatic sensory information is relayed from the thalamus to primary somatosensory cortex (S1), and then distributed to adjacent cortical regions to perform further perceptual and cognitive functions. Although a number of neuroimaging studies have examined neuronal activity correlated with tactile stimuli, comparatively less attention has been devoted toward understanding how vibrotactile stimulus information is processed in the hierarchical somatosensory cortical network. To explore the hierarchical perspective of tactile information processing, we studied two cases: (a) discrimination between the locations of finger stimulation, and (b) detection of stimulation against no stimulation on individual fingers, using both standard general linear model (GLM) and searchlight multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) techniques. These two cases were studied on the same data set resulting from a passive vibrotactile stimulation experiment. Our results showed that vibrotactile stimulus locations on fingers could be discriminated from measurements of human functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In particular, it was in case (a) where we observed activity in contralateral posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and supramarginal gyrus (SMG) but not in S1, while in case (b) we found significant cortical activations in S1 but not in PPC and SMG. These discrepant observations suggest the functional specialization with regard to vibrotactile stimulus locations, especially, the hierarchical information processing in the human somatosensory cortical areas. Our findings moreover support the general understanding that S1 is the main sensory receptive area for the sense of touch, and adjacent cortical regions (i.e., PPC and SMG) are in charge of a higher level of processing and may thus contribute most for the successful classification between stimulated finger locations.

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 Dates: 2015-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.01070
BibTex Citekey: KimMCCPBK2014
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Title: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : Front Hum Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: 1070 Start / End Page: 1 - 10 Identifier: ISSN: 1662-5161
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1662-5161