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  Astrophysical Implications of the Binary Black-Hole Merger GW150914

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, The Virgo Collaboration, Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abernathy, M. R., et al. (2016). Astrophysical Implications of the Binary Black-Hole Merger GW150914. Astrophysical Journal, Letters, 818(2): L22. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/818/2/L22.

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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author              
The Virgo Collaboration, Author              
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Abbott, T. D., Author
Abernathy, M. R., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Ackley, K., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adams, T., Author
Addesso, P., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Adya, V. B.1, Author
Affeldt, C.1, Author           
Agathos, M., Author
Agatsuma, K., Author
Aggarwal, N., Author
Aguiar, O. D., Author
Aiello, L., Author
Ain, A., Author
Ajith, P., AuthorAllen, B.2, Author           Allocca, A., AuthorAltin, P. A., AuthorAnderson, S. B., AuthorAnderson, W. G., AuthorArai, K., AuthorAraya, M. C., AuthorArceneaux, C. C., AuthorAreeda, J. S., AuthorArnaud, N., AuthorArun, K. G., AuthorAscenzi, S., AuthorAshton, G., AuthorAst, M., AuthorAston, S. M., AuthorAstone, P., AuthorAufmuth, P.1, Author           Aulbert, C.2, Author           Babak, S.3, Author           Bacon, P., AuthorBader, M. K. M., AuthorBaker, P. T., AuthorBaldaccini, F., AuthorBallardin, G., AuthorBallmer, S. W., AuthorBarayoga, J. C., AuthorBarclay, S. E., AuthorBarish, B. C., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarone, F., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarsuglia, M., AuthorBarta, D., AuthorBartlett, J., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBasti, A., AuthorBatch, J. C., AuthorBaune, C., AuthorBavigadda, V., AuthorBazzan, M., AuthorBehnke, B.2, Author           Bejger, M., AuthorBelczynski, C., AuthorBell, A. S., AuthorBell, C. J., AuthorBerger, B. K., AuthorBergman, J., AuthorBergmann, G.1, Author           Berry, C. P. L., AuthorBersanetti, D., AuthorBertolini, A., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBhagwat, S., AuthorBhandare, R., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirch, J., AuthorBirney, R., AuthorBiscans, S., AuthorBisht, A., AuthorBitossi, M., AuthorBiwer, C., AuthorBizouard, M. A., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlair, C. D., AuthorBlair, D. G., AuthorBlair, R. M., AuthorBloemen, S., AuthorBock, O.2, Author           Bodiya, T. P., AuthorBoer, M., AuthorBogaert, G., AuthorBogan, C., AuthorBohe, A.3, Author           Bojtos, P., AuthorBond, C., AuthorBondu, F., AuthorBonnand, R., AuthorBoom, B. A., AuthorBork, R., AuthorBoschi, V., AuthorBose, S., AuthorBouffanais, Y., AuthorBozzi, A., AuthorBradaschia, C., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBraginsky, V. B., AuthorBranchesi, M., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBriant, T., AuthorBrillet, A., AuthorBrinkmann, M.1, Author           Brisson, V., AuthorBrockill, P., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrown, D. A., AuthorBrown, D. D., AuthorBrown, N. M., AuthorBuchanan, C. C., AuthorBuikema, A., AuthorBulik, T., AuthorBulten, H. J., AuthorBuonanno, A.3, Author           Buskulic, D., AuthorBuy, C., AuthorByer, R. L., AuthorCadonati, L., AuthorCagnoli, G., AuthorCahillane, C., AuthorCalderón Bustillo, J. , AuthorCallister, T., AuthorCalloni, E., AuthorCamp, J. B., AuthorCannon, K. C., AuthorCao, J., AuthorCapano, C. D., AuthorCapocasa, E., AuthorCarbognani, F., AuthorCaride, S., AuthorCasanueva Diaz, J. , AuthorCasentini, C., AuthorCaudill, S., AuthorCavaglià, M., AuthorCavalier, F., AuthorCavalieri, R., AuthorCella, G., AuthorCepeda, C., AuthorCerboni Baiardi, L. , AuthorCerretani, G., AuthorCesarini, E., AuthorChakraborty, R., AuthorChalermsongsak, T., AuthorChamberlin, S. J., AuthorChan, M., AuthorChao, S., AuthorCharlton, P., AuthorChassande-Mottin, E., AuthorChen, H. Y., AuthorChen, Y., AuthorCheng, C., AuthorChincarini, A., AuthorChiummo, A., AuthorCho, H. S., AuthorCho, M., AuthorChow, J. H., AuthorChristensen, N., AuthorChu, Q., AuthorChua, S., AuthorChung, S., AuthorCiani, G., AuthorClara, F., AuthorClark, J. A., AuthorCleva, F., AuthorCoccia, E., AuthorCohadon, P.-F., AuthorColla, A., AuthorCollette, C. G., AuthorCominsky, L., AuthorConstancio Jr., M. , AuthorConte, A., AuthorConti, L., AuthorCook, D., AuthorCorbitt, T. R., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCortese, S., AuthorCosta, C. A., AuthorCoughlin, M. W., AuthorCoughlin, S. B., AuthorCoulon, J.-P., AuthorCountryman, S. T., AuthorCouvares, P., AuthorCowan, E. E., AuthorCoward, D. M., AuthorCowart, M. J., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCoyne, R., AuthorCraig, K., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCripe, J., AuthorCrowder, S. G., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCunningham, L., AuthorCuoco, E., AuthorCanton, T. Dal, AuthorDanilishin, S. L., AuthorD'Antonio, S., AuthorDanzmann, K.1, Author           Darman, N. S., AuthorDattilo, V., AuthorDave, I., AuthorDaveloza, H. P., AuthorDavier, M., AuthorDavies, G. S., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDay, R., AuthorDeBra, D., AuthorDebreczeni, G., AuthorDegallaix, J., AuthorLaurentis, M. De, AuthorDeléglise, S., AuthorPozzo, W. Del, AuthorDenker, T.1, Author           Dent, T., AuthorDereli, H., AuthorDergachev, V., AuthorDeRosa, R., AuthorDeRosa, R. T., AuthorDeSalvo, R., AuthorDhurandhar, S., AuthorDíaz, M. C., AuthorDi Fiore, L. , AuthorDi Giovanni, M. , AuthorDi Lieto, A. , AuthorDi Pace, S. , AuthorDi Palma, I.2, Author           Di Virgilio, A. , AuthorDojcinoski, G., AuthorDolique, V., AuthorDonovan, F., AuthorDooley, K. L., AuthorDoravari, S.2, AuthorDouglas, R., AuthorDownes, T. P., AuthorDrago, M.2, Author           Drever, R. W. P., AuthorDriggers, J. C., AuthorDu, Z., AuthorDucrot, M., AuthorDwyer, S. E., AuthorEdo, T. B., AuthorEdwards, M. C., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEggenstein, H.-B.2, AuthorEhrens, P., AuthorEichholz, J., AuthorEikenberry, S. S., AuthorEngels, W., AuthorEssick, R. C., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, M., AuthorEvans, T. M., AuthorEverett, R., AuthorFactourovich, M., AuthorFafone, V., AuthorFair, H., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFan, X., AuthorFang, Q., AuthorFarinon, S., AuthorFarr, B., AuthorFarr, W. M., AuthorFavata, M., AuthorFays, M., AuthorFehrmann, H.2, Author           Fejer, M. M., AuthorFerrante, I., AuthorFerreira, E. C., AuthorFerrini, F., AuthorFidecaro, F., AuthorFiori, I., AuthorFiorucci, D., AuthorFisher, R. P., AuthorFlaminio, R., AuthorFletcher, M., AuthorFournier, J.-D., AuthorFranco, S., AuthorFrasca, S., AuthorFrasconi, F., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFrey, V., AuthorFricke, T.1, Author           Fritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFulda, P., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGabbard, H. A. G., AuthorGair, J. R., AuthorGammaitoni, L., AuthorGaonkar, S. G., AuthorGarufi, F., AuthorGatto, A., AuthorGaur, G., AuthorGehrels, N., AuthorGemme, G., AuthorGendre, B., AuthorGenin, E., AuthorGennai, A., AuthorGeorge, J., AuthorGergely, L., AuthorGermain, V., AuthorGhosh, Archisman, AuthorGhosh, S., AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiardina, K. D., AuthorGiazotto, A., AuthorGill, K., AuthorGlaefke, A., AuthorGoetz, E., AuthorGoetz, R., AuthorGondan, L., AuthorGonzález, G., AuthorCastro, J. M. Gonzalez, AuthorGopakumar, A., AuthorGordon, N. A., AuthorGorodetsky, M. L., AuthorGossan, S. E., AuthorGosselin, M., AuthorGouaty, R., AuthorGraef, C., AuthorGraff, P. B., AuthorGranata, M., AuthorGrant, A., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGreco, G., AuthorGreen, A. C., AuthorGroot, P., AuthorGrote, H.1, Author           Grunewald, S., AuthorGuidi, G. M., AuthorGuo, X., AuthorGupta, A., AuthorGupta, M. K., AuthorGushwa, K. E., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHacker, J. J., AuthorHall, B. R., AuthorHall, E. D., AuthorHammond, G., AuthorHaney, M., AuthorHanke, M. M.1, AuthorHanks, J., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHannam, M. D., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHardwick, T., AuthorHarms, J., AuthorHarry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHart, M. J., AuthorHartman, M. T., AuthorHaster, C.-J., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHeidmann, A., AuthorHeintze, M. C., AuthorHeitmann, H., AuthorHello, P., AuthorHemming, G., AuthorHendry, M., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHennig, J., AuthorHeptonstall, A. W., AuthorHeurs, M.1, Author           Hild, S., AuthorHoak, D., AuthorHodge, K. A., AuthorHofman, D., AuthorHollitt, S. E., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHolz, D. E., AuthorHopkins, P., AuthorHosken, D. J., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHouston, E. A., AuthorHowell, E. J., AuthorHu, Y. M., AuthorHuang, S., AuthorHuerta, E. A., AuthorHuet, D., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHusa, S., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorHuynh-Dinh, T., AuthorIdrisy, A., AuthorIndik, N.1, AuthorIngram, D. R., AuthorInta, R., AuthorIsa, H. N., AuthorIsac, J.-M., AuthorIsi, M., AuthorIslas, G., AuthorIsogai, T., AuthorIyer, B. R., AuthorIzumi, K., AuthorJacqmin, T., AuthorJang, H., AuthorJani, K., AuthorJaranowski, P., AuthorJawahar, S., AuthorJiménez-Forteza, F., AuthorJohnson, W. W., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, R., AuthorJonker, R. J. G., AuthorJu, L., AuthorK, Haris, AuthorKalaghatgi, C. V., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKang, G., AuthorKanner, J. B., AuthorKarki, S., AuthorKasprzack, M., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKatzman, W., AuthorKaufer, S., AuthorKaur, T., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKawazoe, F.1, Author           Kéfélian, F., AuthorKehl, M. S., AuthorKeitel, D.1, Author           Kelley, D. B., AuthorKells, W., AuthorKennedy, R., AuthorKey, J. S., AuthorKhalaidovski, A.1, Author           Khalili, F. Y., AuthorKhan, I., AuthorKhan, S., AuthorKhan, Z., AuthorKhazanov, E. A., AuthorKijbunchoo, N., AuthorKim, C., AuthorKim, J., AuthorKim, K., AuthorKim, Nam-Gyu, AuthorKim, Namjun, AuthorKim, Y.-M., AuthorKing, E. J., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKinzel, D. L., AuthorKissel, J. S., AuthorKleybolte, L., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKoehlenbeck, S. M., AuthorKokeyama, K., AuthorKoley, S., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKontos, A., AuthorKorobko, M., AuthorKorth, W. Z., AuthorKowalska, I., AuthorKozak, D. B., AuthorKringel, V., AuthorKrishnan, B.4, Author           Królak, A., AuthorKrueger, C., AuthorKuehn, G.1, Author           Kumar, P., AuthorKuo, L., AuthorKutynia, A., AuthorLackey, B. D., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLange, J., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLasky, P. D., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLazzaro, C., AuthorLeaci, P., AuthorLeavey, S., AuthorLebigot, E. O., AuthorLee, C. H., AuthorLee, H. K., AuthorLee, H. M., AuthorLee, K., AuthorLenon, A., AuthorLeonardi, M., AuthorLeong, J. R.2, Author           Leroy, N., AuthorLetendre, N., AuthorLevin, Y., AuthorLevine, B. M., AuthorLi, T. G. F., AuthorLibson, A., AuthorLittenberg, T. B., AuthorLockerbie, N. A., AuthorLogue, J., AuthorLombardi, A. L., AuthorLord, J. E., AuthorLorenzini, M., AuthorLoriette, V., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLosurdo, G., AuthorLough, J. D.1, AuthorLück, H.1, Author           Lundgren, A. P., AuthorLuo, J., AuthorLynch, R., AuthorMa, Y., AuthorMacDonald, T., AuthorMachenschalk, B.2, Author           MacInnis, M., AuthorMacleod, D. M., AuthorMagaña-Sandoval, F., AuthorMagee, R. M., AuthorMageswaran, M., AuthorMajorana, E., AuthorMaksimovic, I., AuthorMalvezzi, V., AuthorMan, N., AuthorMandel, I., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMangano, V., AuthorMansell, G. L., AuthorManske, M., AuthorMantovani, M., AuthorMarchesoni, F., AuthorMarion, F., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMarkosyan, A. S., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMartelli, F., AuthorMartellini, L., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMartynov, D. V., AuthorMarx, J. N., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMasserot, A., AuthorMassinger, T. J., AuthorMasso-Reid, M., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMatone, L., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMazumder, N., AuthorMazzolo, G.2, Author           McCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcCormick, S., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcIntyre, G., AuthorMcIver, J., AuthorMcManus, D. J., AuthorMcWilliams, S. T., AuthorMeacher, D., AuthorMeadors, G. D.3, Author           Meidam, J., AuthorMelatos, A., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMendoza-Gandara, D.1, AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMerilh, E., AuthorMerzougui, M., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C., AuthorMessick, C., AuthorMeyers, P. M., AuthorMezzani, F., AuthorMiao, H., AuthorMichel, C., AuthorMiddleton, H., AuthorMikhailov, E. E., AuthorMilano, L., AuthorMiller, J., AuthorMillhouse, M., AuthorMinenkov, Y., AuthorMing, J.3, Author           Mirshekari, S., AuthorMishra, C., AuthorMitra, S., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMoggi, A., AuthorMohan, M., AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMontani, M., AuthorMoore, B. C., AuthorMoore, C. J., AuthorMoraru, D., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMorriss, S. R., AuthorMossavi, K., AuthorMours, B., AuthorMow-Lowry, C. M., AuthorMueller, C. L., AuthorMueller, G., AuthorMuir, A. W., AuthorMukherjee, Arunava, AuthorMukherjee, D., AuthorMukherjee, S., AuthorMukund, N., AuthorMullavey, A., AuthorMunch, J., AuthorMurphy, D. J., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorMytidis, A., AuthorNardecchia, I., AuthorNaticchioni, L., AuthorNayak, R. K., AuthorNecula, V., AuthorNedkova, K., AuthorNelemans, G., AuthorNeri, M., AuthorNeunzert, A., AuthorNewton, G., AuthorNguyen, T. T., AuthorNielsen, A. B.4, Author           Nissanke, S., AuthorNitz, A., AuthorNocera, F., AuthorNolting, D., AuthorNormandin, M. E. N., AuthorNuttall, L. K., AuthorOberling, J., AuthorOchsner, E., AuthorO'Dell, J., AuthorOelker, E., AuthorOgin, G. H., AuthorOh, J. J., AuthorOh, S. H., AuthorOhme, F., AuthorOliver, M., AuthorOppermann, P.1, Author           Oram, Richard J., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOttens, R. S., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorOwen, B. J., AuthorPai, A., AuthorPai, S. A., AuthorPalamos, J. R., AuthorPalashov, O., AuthorPalomba, C., AuthorPal-Singh, A., AuthorPan, H., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPannarale, F., AuthorPant, B. C., AuthorPaoletti, F., AuthorPaoli, A., AuthorPapa, M. A.3, Author           Paris, H. R., AuthorParker, W., AuthorPascucci, D., AuthorPasqualetti, A., AuthorPassaquieti, R., AuthorPassuello, D., AuthorPatricelli, B., AuthorPatrick, Z., AuthorPearlstone, B. L., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPedurand, R., AuthorPekowsky, L., AuthorPele, A., AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPerreca, A., AuthorPhelps, M., AuthorPiccinni, O., AuthorPichot, M., AuthorPiergiovanni, F., AuthorPierro, V., AuthorPillant, G., AuthorPinard, L., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPoggiani, R., AuthorPopolizio, P., AuthorPost, A.1, AuthorPowell, J., AuthorPrasad, J., AuthorPredoi, V., AuthorPremachandra, S. S., AuthorPrestegard, T., AuthorPrice, L. R., AuthorPrijatelj, M., AuthorPrincipe, M., AuthorPrivitera, S.3, Author           Prix, R.2, Author           Prodi, G. A., AuthorProkhorov, L., AuthorPuncken, O.1, Author           Punturo, M., AuthorPuppo, P., AuthorPürrer, Michael3, Author           Qi, H., AuthorQin, J., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorQuintero, E. A., AuthorQuitzow-James, R., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRabeling, D. S., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRaja, S., AuthorRakhmanov, M., AuthorRapagnani, P., AuthorRaymond, V.4, AuthorRazzano, M., AuthorRe, V., AuthorRead, J., AuthorReed, C. M., AuthorRegimbau, T., AuthorRei, L., AuthorReid, S., AuthorReitze, D. H., AuthorRew, H., AuthorReyes, S. D., AuthorRicci, F., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRobie, R., AuthorRobinet, F., AuthorRocchi, A., AuthorRolland, L., AuthorRollins, J. G., AuthorRoma, V. J., AuthorRomano, J. D., AuthorRomano, R., AuthorRomanov, G., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRosińska, D., AuthorRowan, S., AuthorRüdiger, A.1, Author           Ruggi, P., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSachdev, S., AuthorSadecki, T., AuthorSadeghian, L., AuthorSalconi, L., AuthorSaleem, M., AuthorSalemi, F., AuthorSamajdar, A., AuthorSammut, L., AuthorSanchez, E. J., AuthorSandberg, V., AuthorSandeen, B., AuthorSanders, J. R., AuthorSassolas, B., AuthorSathyaprakash, B. S., AuthorSaulson, P. R., AuthorSauter, O., AuthorSavage, R. L., AuthorSawadsky, A., AuthorSchale, P., AuthorSchilling, R.1, Author           Schmidt, J., AuthorSchmidt, P., AuthorSchnabel, R., AuthorSchofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchönbeck, A., AuthorSchreiber, E.1, Author           Schuette, D.1, Author           Schutz, B. F.4, Author           Scott, J., AuthorScott, S. M., AuthorSellers, D., AuthorSentenac, D., AuthorSequino, V., AuthorSergeev, A., AuthorSerna, G., AuthorSetyawati, Y., AuthorSevigny, A., AuthorShaddock, D. A., AuthorShah, S., AuthorShahriar, M. S., AuthorShaltev, M.2, Author           Shao, Z., AuthorShapiro, B., AuthorShawhan, P., AuthorSheperd, A., AuthorShoemaker, D. H., AuthorShoemaker, D. M., AuthorSiellez, K., AuthorSiemens, X., AuthorSigg, D., AuthorSilva, A. D., AuthorSimakov, D.1, Author           Singer, A., AuthorSinger, L. P., AuthorSingh, A.3, Author           Singh, R., AuthorSinghal, A., AuthorSintes, A. M., AuthorSlagmolen, B. J. J., AuthorSmith, J. R., AuthorSmith, N. D., AuthorSmith, R. J. E., AuthorSon, E. J., AuthorSorazu, B., AuthorSorrentino, F., AuthorSouradeep, T., AuthorSrivastava, A. K., AuthorStaley, A., AuthorSteinke, M.1, AuthorSteinlechner, J., AuthorSteinlechner, S., AuthorSteinmeyer, D.1, AuthorStephens, B. C., AuthorStevenson, S. P., AuthorStone, R., AuthorStrain, K. A., AuthorStraniero, N., AuthorStratta, G., AuthorStrauss, N. A., AuthorStrigin, S., AuthorSturani, R., AuthorStuver, A. L., AuthorSummerscales, T. Z., AuthorSun, L., AuthorSutton, P. J., AuthorSwinkels, B. L., AuthorSzczepańczyk, M. J., AuthorTacca, M., AuthorTalukder, D., AuthorTanner, D. B., AuthorTápai, M., AuthorTarabrin, S. P.1, Author           Taracchini, A., AuthorTaylor, R., AuthorTheeg, T.1, AuthorThirugnanasambandam, M. P., AuthorThomas, E. G., AuthorThomas, M., AuthorThomas, P., AuthorThorne, K. A., AuthorThorne, K. S., AuthorThrane, E., AuthorTiwari, S., AuthorTiwari, V., AuthorTokmakov, K. V., AuthorTomlinson, C., AuthorTonelli, M., AuthorTorres, C. V., AuthorTorrie, C. I., AuthorTöyrä, D., AuthorTravasso, F., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTrifirò, D., AuthorTringali, M. C., AuthorTrozzo, L., AuthorTse, M., AuthorTurconi, M., AuthorTuyenbayev, D., AuthorUgolini, D., AuthorUnnikrishnan, C. S., AuthorUrban, A. L., AuthorUsman, S. A., AuthorVahlbruch, H., AuthorVajente, G., AuthorValdes, G., Authorvan Bakel, N., Authorvan Beuzekom, M., Authorvan den Brand, J. F. J., Authorvan den Broeck, C., AuthorVander-Hyde, D. C., Authorvan der Schaaf, L., Authorvan Heijningen, J. V., Authorvan Veggel, A. A., AuthorVardaro, M., AuthorVass, S., AuthorVasúth, M., AuthorVaulin, R., AuthorVecchio, A., AuthorVedovato, G., AuthorVeitch, J., AuthorVeitch, P. J., AuthorVenkateswara, K., AuthorVerkindt, D., AuthorVetrano, F., AuthorViceré, A., AuthorVinciguerra, S., AuthorVine, D. J., AuthorVinet, J.-Y., AuthorVitale, S., AuthorVo, T., AuthorVocca, H., AuthorVorvick, C., AuthorVoss, D., AuthorVousden, W. D., AuthorVyatchanin, S. P., AuthorWade, A. R., AuthorWade, L. E., AuthorWade, M., AuthorWalker, M., AuthorWallace, L., AuthorWalsh, S.3, Author           Wang, G., AuthorWang, H., AuthorWang, M., AuthorWang, X., AuthorWang, Y., AuthorWard, R. L., AuthorWarner, J., AuthorWas, M., AuthorWeaver, B., AuthorWei, L.-W., AuthorWeinert, M.1, Author           Weinstein, A. J., AuthorWeiss, R., AuthorWelborn, T., AuthorWen, L., AuthorWeßels, P.1, AuthorWestphal, T.1, Author           Wette, K.2, Author           Whelan, J. T.4, Author           White, D. J., AuthorWhiting, B. F., AuthorWilliams, R. D., AuthorWilliamson, A. R., AuthorWillis, J. L., AuthorWillke, B.1, Author           Wimmer, M.1, Author           Winkler, W.1, Author           Wipf, C. C., AuthorWittel, H.1, Author           Woan, G., AuthorWorden, J., AuthorWright, J. L., AuthorWu, G., AuthorYablon, J., AuthorYam, W., AuthorYamamoto, H., AuthorYancey, C. C., AuthorYap, M. J., AuthorYu, H., AuthorYvert, M., AuthorZadrożny, A., AuthorZangrando, L., AuthorZanolin, M., AuthorZendri, J.-P., AuthorZevin, M., AuthorZhang, F., AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZhang, M., AuthorZhang, Y., AuthorZhao, C., AuthorZhou, M., AuthorZhou, Z., AuthorZhu, X. J., AuthorZucker, M. E., AuthorZuraw, S. E., AuthorZweizig, J., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              
2Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              
3Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1933290              
4Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24013              

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
 Abstract: The discovery of the gravitational-wave source GW150914 with the Advanced
LIGO detectors provides the first observational evidence for the existence of
binary black-hole systems that inspiral and merge within the age of the
Universe. Such black-hole mergers have been predicted in two main types of
formation models, involving isolated binaries in galactic fields or dynamical
interactions in young and old dense stellar environments. The measured masses
robustly demonstrate that relatively "heavy" black holes ($\gtrsim 25\,
M_\odot$) can form in nature. This discovery implies relatively weak
massive-star winds and thus the formation of GW150914 in an environment with
metallicity lower than $\sim 1/2$ of the solar value. The rate of binary
black-hole mergers inferred from the observation of GW150914 is consistent with
the higher end of rate predictions ($\gtrsim 1 \, \mathrm{Gpc}^{-3} \,
\mathrm{yr}^{-1}$) from both types of formation models. The low measured
redshift ($z \sim 0.1$) of GW150914 and the low inferred metallicity of the
stellar progenitor imply either binary black-hole formation in a low-mass
galaxy in the local Universe and a prompt merger, or formation at high redshift
with a time delay between formation and merger of several Gyr. This discovery
motivates further studies of binary-black-hole formation astrophysics. It also
has implications for future detections and studies by Advanced LIGO and
Advanced Virgo, and gravitational-wave detectors in space.

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 Dates: 2016-02-112016
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 17 pages, 4 figures, accepted to ApJL
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
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Title: Astrophysical Journal, Letters
  Other : ApJL
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
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Publ. Info: Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 818 (2) Sequence Number: L22 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_1